65th Academy Awards
Award ceremony for films of 1992
The 65th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored films released in 1992 in the United States and took place on March 29, 1993, at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles beginning at 6:00 p.m. PST / 9:00 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards (commonly referred to as Oscars) in 23 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Gil Cates and directed by Jeff Margolis. Actor Billy Crystal hosted the show for the fourth consecutive year. In related events, during a ceremony held at the Century Plaza Hotel in Los Angeles on March 6, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by host Sharon Stone.
Unforgiven won four Oscars, including Best Picture. Other winners included Bram Stoker's Dracula and Howards End with three awards, Aladdin with two, and The Crying Game, Death Becomes Her, Educating Peter, Indochine, The Last of the Mohicans, Mona Lisa Descending a Staircase, My Cousin Vinny, Omnibus, The Panama Deception, A River Runs Through It, and Scent of a Woman with one. The telecast garnered 45.7 million viewers in the United States.
Winners and nominees
The nominees for the 65th Academy Awards were announced on February 17, 1993, at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Robert Rehme, president of the Academy, and actress Mercedes Ruehl.Howards End and Unforgiven led all nominees with nine nominations each.
The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 29, 1993. Best Director winner Clint Eastwood became the seventh person nominated for lead acting and directing for the same film. Best Actor winner Al Pacino was the sixth performer to receive nominations in the lead and supporting categories in the same year. He also became the first person to win in the lead acting category after achieving the aforementioned feat. By virtue of his second straight win in both music categories, Alan Menken became the third person to win two Oscars in two consecutive years.
Alan Menken, Best Original Score winner and Best Original Song co-winner
Winners are listed first, highlighted in boldface, and indicated with a double dagger ().
Best Supporting Actor
Best Supporting Actress
Best Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen
Best Screenplay Based on Material Previously Produced or Published
Best Foreign Language Film
Best Documentary Feature
Best Documentary Short Subject
Best Live Action Short Film
Best Animated Short Film
Best Original Score
Best Original Song
Best Sound Effects Editing
Best Art Direction
Best Costume Design
Best Film Editing
Best Visual Effects
- Academy Honorary Award
- Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Awards
The award recognizes individuals whose humanitarian efforts have brought credit to the motion picture industry.
Films with multiple nominations and awards
Presenters and performers
The following individuals (in order of appearance) presented awards or performed musical numbers:
After the success of the previous year's ceremony which won several Emmys and critical acclaim, the Academy rehired producer Gil Cates for the fourth consecutive year. In February 1993, actor and comedian Billy Crystal was chosen by Cates as host also for the fourth straight time. Cates justified the decision to hire him saying, "He is a major movie star with a talent for moving the evening's entertainment along." According to an article by Army Archerd published in Variety, Crystal initially declined to host again citing his busy film schedule that included Mr. Saturday Night and City Slickers II: The Legend of Curly's Gold. However, after Cates sent him a funeral wreath with a poem declaring "The show and I are dead without you" followed by a head of a fake dead horse similar to one featured in the film The Godfather, Crystal accepted the role as emcee.
As with previous ceremonies he produced, Cates centered the show around a theme. Inspired by the Year of the Woman in which a record four women were elected to the United States Senate, Cates christened the 1993 show with the theme "Oscar Celebrates Women and the Movies". In tandem with the theme, AMPAS gathered 67 female Oscar winners of every category for a photo that was later shown at the start of the telecast. Actress and singer Liza Minnelli performed "Ladies' Day", a song written by Fred Ebb and John Kander specifically for the broadcast. Oscar-winning documentarian Lynne Littman assembled a montage highlighting women in film.
Several other people participated in the production of the ceremony. Bill Conti served as conductor and musical supervisor for the ceremony. Choreographer Debbie Allen supervised the Best Song nominee performances and the "Ladies' Night" musical number. Voice actress Randy Thomas served as announcer of the telecast becoming the first woman to do so.
Box office performance of nominees
(Before Feb. 17)
(Feb. 17-Mar. 29)
(After Mar. 29)
|A Few Good Men||$120 million||$14.3 million||$7.0 million||$141.3 million|
|The Crying Game||$26.6 million||$11.2 million||$4.6 million||$62.3 million|
|Howard's End||$24.4 million||$942,668||$36,767||$25.3 million|
|Scent of a Woman||$34.1 million||$18.5 million||$10.5 million||$63.1 million|
|Unforgiven||$75.3 million||$7.6 million||$18.3 million||$102 million|
At the time of the nominations announcement on February 17, the combined gross of the five Best Picture nominees at the US box office was $252 million, with an average of $50.4 million per film.A Few Good Men was the highest earner among the Best Picture nominees with $120 million in domestic box office receipts. The film was followed by Unforgiven ($75.2 million), Scent of a Woman ($34.1 million), The Crying Game ($14 million), and finally Howards End ($8.7 million).
Of the top 50 grossing movies of the year, 38 nominations went to 13 films on the list. Only A Few Good Men (6th), Unforgiven (17th), Malcolm X (30th) and Scent of a Woman (38th) were nominated for directing, acting, screenwriting, or Best Picture. The other top 50 box office hits that earned nominations were Aladdin (1st), Batman Returns (3rd), Basic Instinct (8th), The Bodyguard (9th), Under Siege (12th), Bram Stoker's Dracula (14th), The Last of the Mohicans (16th), Death Becomes Her (22nd), and Alien³ (26th).
Critical reviews and ratings
The show received a negative reception from most media publications. Associated Press television critic Frazier Moore lamented that Crystal "seemed incredibly listless". He also questioned the purpose of the "Year of the Woman" theme writing, "The Oscar show itself seemed at odds with its own feminist theme." Robert Bianco from the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette derided Allen's musical production numbers, comparing them to the disastrous opening number at the 61st ceremony held in 1989. Columnist Matt Roush of USA Today complained, "Crystal, in a by-now-familiar performance, has, in four years, taken a plum assignment and, by repetition, reduced it to shtick." He also wrote that, "The song medley is getting old hat," and the "smug references to his flop Mr. Saturday Night were out of an improv amateur night."
The telecast also received unfavorable reaction from various public feminist figures. In an interview with Los Angeles Daily News author and activist Betty Friedan condemned the "Year of the Woman" theme commenting, "It had no basis in reality. On behalf of women directors, cinematographer, and producers, I resent the travesty of calling that a tribute." Likewise, President of the National Organization for Women's Los Angeles chapter Tammy Bruce chastised ceremony's feminist tribute as "one of the most hypocritical, patronizing things I saw in my whole life." In response, Gil Cates responded towards the criticism of the theme stating, "The theme developed and raised consciousness in a way that I think is positive, not only for the individual in general but for individual women specifically." He also quoted an ancient Chinese proverb later made famous by former U.S. First LadyEleanor Roosevelt saying, "It is better to light one candle than to curse the darkness"
Despite the adverse reception, the ABC broadcast drew in an average of 45.7 million people over its length, which was a 3% increase from the previous year's ceremony. The show also drew higher Nielsen ratings compared to the previous ceremony with 31.2% of households watching over a 51 share. It also drew a higher 18–49 demo rating with a 20.1 rating among viewers in that demographic.
- A^ : The Academy revoked the Best Foreign Language Film nomination of Uruguay's A Place in the World after an investigation that determined the film as an Argentine production and therefore violated the Academy's rules which require that there be "substantial filmmaking input from the country that submits the film."
- B^ : Hepburn died on January 20, 1993, shortly after AMPAS announced the honor. Her son Sean accepted the award at the ceremony on her behalf.
- ^Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 889
- ^Marx, Andy (November 11, 1992). "4th Oscarcast for Cates". Variety. Archived from the original on March 6, 2014. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- ^Osborne 2013, p. 418
- ^MacMinn, Aleene (February 10, 1993). "Morning Report: Movies". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on September 12, 2014. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- ^"Past Scientific & Technical Awards Ceremonies". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Archived from the original on February 13, 2014. Retrieved July 31, 2013.
- ^Fox, David J. (March 31, 1993). "'Unforgiven' Top Film; Pacino, Thompson Win : Academy Awards: Eastwood named best director. Oscars for supporting roles go to Hackman and Tomei". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- ^ abJohnson, Greg (March 18, 1999). "Call It the Glamour Bowl". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved August 26, 2013.
- ^Weinraub, Bernard (February 18, 1993). "3 Films Dominate Nominees In Oscar Contest". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 12, 2014. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- ^Fox, David J. (February 18, 1993). "The 65th Academy Award Nominations: The Declaration of Independents : The nominations: 'Howards End' and 'Unforgiven' get nine apiece, 'The Crying Game' six. Non-studio and maverick filmmakers have a field day". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved February 18, 2014.
- ^Ebert, Roger (February 18, 1993). "Oscars Honor Period Pieces But 'Player,' 'Malcolm X' Passed Over". Chicago Sun-Times. Tim Knight. p. 37.
- ^Rea, Steven (February 18, 1993). "In Line For Oscars "Howards End" And Clint Eastwood's "Unforgiven" Got Nine Academy Award Nominations Each. And Makers Of "The Crying Game" May Get The Last Laugh, With Six Shots At The Statuette". The Philadelphia Inquirer. H.F. Gerry Lenfest. Archived from the original on March 6, 2014. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- ^Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 1173
- ^Osborne 2013, p. 424
- ^"The 65th Academy Awards (1993) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Archived from the original on November 9, 2014. Retrieved October 22, 2011.
- ^Marx, Andy (January 18, 1993). "Acad Award in picture for Fellini". Variety. Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- ^ abMacMinn, Aleene (January 14, 1993). "Morning Report: Movies". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- ^Marx, Andy (January 13, 1993). "Hepburn, Taylor get Hersholt". Variety. Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- ^Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 877
- ^Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 881
- ^"Cates to Repeat As Oscars Producer". San Francisco Chronicle. November 13, 1992. p. C2.
- ^Williams, Jeannie (February 5, 1993). "Bily Crystal, back as Mr. Oscar night". USA Today. p. 2D.
- ^"'Perfect host' appointed". The Globe and Mail. Phillip Crawley. February 6, 1993. p. C6.
- ^Williams, Jeannie (February 18, 1993). "Roping Crystal into Oscar duty". USA Today. p. 2D.
- ^Archerd, Army (February 16, 1993). "Cates 'convinces' Crystal to m.c. Oscars again". Variety. Archived from the original on January 12, 2015. Retrieved June 20, 2014.
- ^Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 872
- ^Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 875
- ^Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 886
- ^Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 880
- ^"Oscar watch". Variety. January 5, 1993. Archived from the original on November 19, 2015. Retrieved June 20, 2014.
- ^"Oscar Dance Tryouts Sunday". Variety. February 22, 1993. Archived from the original on November 19, 2015. Retrieved June 20, 2014.
- ^Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 879
- ^ abc"1992 Academy Award Nominations and Winner for Best Picture". Box Office Mojo (Amazon.com). Archived from the original on February 21, 2014. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- ^ ab"1992 Domestic Grosses". Box Office Mojo (Amazon.com). Archived from the original on November 19, 2015. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- ^Moore, Frazier (March 30, 1993). "Billy Crystal's Performance Lame". The Daily Gazette. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
- ^Bianco, Robert (March 30, 1993). "Crystal Can't Save Disastrous Oscars Show". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
- ^Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 892
- ^ abWiley & Bona 1996, p. 893
- ^Karlak, Pat; Swertlow, Frank. "Hollywood's Hollow Salute Oscars' 'Year of Woman' Patronizing, Many Say". The Plain Dealer. p. 3C.
- ^Osborne 2013, p. 313
- ^Schwed, Mark (March 30, 1993). "Kudocast's Nielsen ratings highest in 10 years". Variety. Archived from the original on November 19, 2015. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
- ^Carter, Bill (March 27, 1996). "TV Notes;Oscar Numbers Slip". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 19, 2015. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
- ^"Academy Awards ratings"(PDF). Television Bureau of Advertising. Archived from the original(PDF) on May 15, 2013. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
- ^Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 873
- ^Kehr, Dave (January 21, 1993). "Screen Legend Audrey Hepburn, 63". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on May 5, 2014. Retrieved June 20, 2014.
- ^Rickey, Carrie (March 30, 1993). "In Like Clint Oscar's Tribute Was Fitting, Given That Women Garnered A Surprising Share Of Awards. (for Al Pacino, The Magic Even Trickled Down To The Title "Scent Of A Woman".)". The Philadelphia Inquirer. H.F. Gerry Lenfest. Archived from the original on September 14, 2015. Retrieved June 20, 2014.
- Official websites
- Other resources
|Awards of Merit|
"Unforgiven" and "Howards End," both about dying castes, one in the old West, one in England, led the 1993 Academy Award nominations Wednesday morning with nine mentions apiece.
"The Crying Game," a thriller with a stunning plot twist, placed next with six nominations, in a year that honored many smaller independent films but overlooked "The Player," a scathing indictment of Hollywood itself.
Al Pacino won the headline with nominations in two categories--best actor and supporting actor, his seventh and eighth Oscar mentions. But the day's top buzz came when voters tapped Jaye Davidson, a first-time actor and London hairdresser, in the supporting actor category. His performance in "The Crying Game" provided the year's biggest surprise at the movies. Jack Nicholson was thought to have a chance of a double-dip with a nomination for "Hoffa" in the best actor category, but unknown Stephen Rea, the lead in "The Crying Game," got the nod, on a very good day for the low-budget Anglo-Irish production.
The voters passed over both "The Player" and "Malcolm X" in many categories where they were thought to have good chances, although Denzel Washington was nominated for best actor for his performance as the slain black leader, and Robert Altman got a nod for directing the liveliest anti-Hollywood movie in years.
As the dust settled after the nominations were announced at 5:30 a.m. in Los Angeles, Clint Eastwood and his taut Western, "Unforgiven," looked like good bets for top Oscars when the awards are announced on March 29, and it seemed likely that British and Irish accents would be heard on the podium.
Best Picture nominations went to "The Crying Game," a thriller about an IRA man's unconventional love affair with a London hairdresser; "A Few Good Men," about a messy Marine court martial; "Howard's End," the adaptation of E. M. Forster's novel about a young wife who rebels against her husband's hypocrisy; "Scent of a Woman," with Pacino as a retired colonel who teaches a young man some of the lessons of life; and "Unforgiven," with Eastwood as a retired killer who goes on the trail one last time, in the dying days of the Old West.
In the Best Actor category, Robert Downey Jr., whose work in the title role of "Chaplin" won nearly unanimous praise from critics, overcame the film's bad reviews and dismal box office to win a nomination. He joins Eastwood, Pacino (who played the crusty colonel in "Scent of a Woman") Stephen Rea and Denzel Washington. Notable omissions included Tom Cruise and Jack Nicholson.
For Best Actress, the biggest surprise was legendary French actress Catherine Deneuve, for "Indochine," an epic about French colonial years in Southeast Asia. Mary McDonnell was named for "Passion Fish," where she played an actress embittered by the accident that leaves her paralyzed. The voters also went for Michelle Pfeiffer, as a Dallas woman who determines to attend John F. Kennedy's funeral in "Love Field;" Susan Sarandon, as a mother fighting her son's deadly disease in "Lorenzo's Oil," and Emma Thompson, as a bright young woman married to a narrow middle-aged man in "Howard's End."
In best supporting actor, the big surprise was Davidson of "The Crying Game," whose real sex was kept a secret by millions of moviegoers until the Academy announcement made it obvious. If he wins in the category, he will join Linda Hunt, a woman who played a man in "Year of Living Dangerously" (1983). Other nominees are Gene Hackman, as the sadistic sheriff in "Unforgiven," Jack Nicholson, winning his tenth nomination, as the savage Marine commandant in "A Few Good Men;" Pacino, as one of the embittered real estate salesmen in "Glengarry Glen Ross," and newcomer David Paymer, who played the long-suffering brother of a stand-up comic in "Mr. Saturday Night." A notable omission was Jack Lemmon, in "Glengarry Glen Ross."
For best supporting actress, the nominees were Judy Davis, as a wife who determines to get divorced in Woody Allen's "Husbands and Wives;" Joan Plowright, as one of a group of British women who go on an Italian holiday in "Enchanted April;" Vanessa Redgrave, winning her sixth nomination, as the first wife of the hypocritical banker in "Howard's End;" Miranda Richardson, as the wife of an adulterous cabinet minister in "Damage;" and Marisa Tomei, as the ditzy girl friend of a would-be legal hotshot in "My Cousin Vinny." Overlooked by voters was the fine work of Alfre Woodard in "Passion Fish," and Rosie Perez's career-making work in "White Men Can't Jump."
Best director nods went to Neil Jordan, for "The Crying Game;" James Ivory, for "Howard's End;" Robert Altman, for "The Player;" Martin Brest, for "Scent of a Woman," and Clint Eastwood, for "Unforgiven." The Director's Guild of America awards, widely seen as a predictor of the Oscars in this category, nominated Rob Reiner for "A Few Good Men" instead of Brest. The obvious exclusion in the category was Spike Lee, for "Malcolm X," a film many Academy voters possibly did not chose to see.
In the Best Documentary category, where the Academy's dysfunctional selection committee has made an annual practice of not naming the year's best candidates, there was another scandalous exclusion this year. "Brother's Keeper," the most successful and best-reviewed documentary of the year, was passed over. One interesting choice: "Fires of Kuwait" was the first Oscar nominee to be shot in the huge-screen IMAX process.
For foreign film, the voters selected "Close to Eden," from Russia; "Daens," from Belgium; "A Place in the World," from Uruguay; "Schtonk," from Germany, and "Indochine."
When all the nominations were totaled, "Howard's End" and "Unforgiven" led with nine, "Crying Game" had six, "Aladdin" had five, and there were four apiece for "Bram Stoker's Dracula," "A Few Good Men," and "Scent of a Woman." Oscar trivia hounds noted that Pacino's double nomination was the sixth in Oscar history.
Eastwood is the seven person nominated as both director and star (after Orson Welles, Laurence Olivier, Woody Allen, Warren Beatty, Kenneth Branagh and Kevin Costner).
The Oscarcast will be televised from Los Angeles on March 29, with Billy Crystal once again as emcee.
Latest blog posts
about 2 hours ago
3 days ago
3 days ago
3 days ago
The best movie reviews, in your inbox
- Growing out an undercut
- Fila slip resistant work shoes
- 2016 kia sorento wont start
- Leisure woods mobile home park
The winner is listed first, in CAPITAL letters.
TOM HANKS in "Philadelphia", Daniel Day-Lewis in "In the Name of the Father", Laurence Fishburne in "What's Love Got to Do With It", Anthony Hopkins in "The Remains of the Day", Liam Neeson in "Schindler's List"
HOLLY HUNTER in "The Piano", Angela Bassett in "What's Love Got to Do With It", Stockard Channing in "Six Degrees of Separation", Emma Thompson in "The Remains of the Day", Debra Winger in "Shadowlands"
TOMMY LEE JONES in "The Fugitive", Leonardo DiCaprio in "What's Eating Gilbert Grape", Ralph Fiennes in "Schindler's List", John Malkovich in "In the Line of Fire", Pete Postlethwaite in "In the Name of the Father"
ANNA PAQUIN in "The Piano", Holly Hunter in "The Firm", Rosie Perez in "Fearless", Winona Ryder in "The Age of Innocence", Emma Thompson in "In the Name of the Father"
STEVEN SPIELBERG for "Schindler's List", Robert Altman for "Short Cuts", Jane Campion for "The Piano", James Ivory for "The Remains of the Day", Jim Sheridan for "In the Name of the Father"
Finally, after many years of dubious treatment and neglect, producer/director Steven Spielberg (with his sixth directorial and seventh Best Picture nomination) won the Best Picture Oscar (and Best Director Oscar) for his monumental, mature masterpiece Schindler's List. [Note: The film - although mostly black and white - contained a few segments in color, thereby disqualifying it from being the most recent completely black and white film to win the Best Picture Oscar. That honor still applied to The Apartment (1960).]
Spielberg won his first competitive Oscars for the powerful, documentary-style, 'historical' dramatization of Thomas Keneally's 1982 book (from a screenplay by Steven Zaillian) about the Third Reich's Holocaust, and the role of one complex man named Schindler (Liam Neeson) - a failed German industrialist and Catholic war profiteer (a pots-and-pans factory owner), who struggled to save more than a thousand Polish-Jewish lives in Nazi-occupied Poland with the assistance of Jewish accountant and confidante Itzhak Stern (Ben Kingsley).
The three hour-long, small-budget ($23 million) film had twelve nominations and seven overall wins (Best Picture, Best Director, Best Screenplay, Best Art Direction, Best Cinematography for Janusz Kaminski, Best Film Editing, and Best Original Score - by John Williams). Surprisingly, the film won no acting awards. Spielberg also triumphed in the same year with three technical-achievement awards for his box-office hit Jurassic Park: Best Sound, Best Sound Effects Editing, and Best Visual Effects.
Four of the five Best Picture nominees were serious-minded films. The one exception was the box-office hit and action thriller The Fugitive (with seven nominations and one win - Best Supporting Actor) - the story of the relentless tracking of a convicted innocent man in director Andrew Davis' re-make of the 60's long-running TV series - it was notable as the first - and only - Best Picture nominee remake to be based on a popular TV series.
The other three Best Picture nominees included:
- the strange love story between a mute-by-choice 19th century Scotswoman (and pianist) and a New Zealand neighbor in producer/writer/director Jane Campion's offbeat film The Piano (with eight nominations and three wins - Best Actress, Best Supporting Actress, and Best Screenplay)
- director Jim Sheridan's political-injustice drama about an accused IRA bomber who is wrongfully imprisoned in In the Name of the Father (with seven nominations and no wins)
- the Merchant Ivory period drama of unrequited love in director James Ivory's film The Remains of the Day (with eight nominations and no wins)
Andrew Davis, the director of Best Picture-nominated The Fugitive, failed to receive a nomination in the Best Director category. Davis' place was filled by director Robert Altman for his three-hour long film, a collage of Raymond Carver's short stories, Short Cuts (the film's sole nomination). [This was Altman's second consecutive Best Director nomination for a film that did not receive a Best Picture nomination - The Player (1992) also received a Best Director nomination without a Best Picture nod. And it was also Altman's fourth unsuccessful bid to be Best Director.]
Jane Campion's nomination as Best Director for The Piano made her only the second woman in Oscar history to be nominated in the category. Campion is the first (and only) woman to have directed a Best Picture nominee AND to have received a Best Director nomination for herself. [The first woman ever nominated for Best Director was Lina Wertmuller for Seven Beauties (1976), seventeen years earlier.] Although Campion lost the Best Director Oscar, she won an Oscar for Best Original Screenplay.
Half of all the male acting nominations went to British performers (Day-Lewis, Hopkins, Neeson, Postlethwaite, and Fiennes). All four of the year's acting winners were first-time Academy Award winners.
The Best Actor Oscar was presented to Tom Hanks (with his second nomination and first Oscar win), best-known for comedic roles, for his serious performance as AIDS-infected corporate attorney and victim Andrew Beckett, fired from his job and fighting homophobia in director Jonathan Demme's bold adaptation of Ron Nyswaner's screenplay for Philadelphia (with five nominations and two wins - the second Oscar was for Bruce Springsteen's Best Song "Streets of Philadelphia"). In the same year, Hanks starred in Nora Ephron's very popular romantic comedy Sleepless in Seattle, a remake of An Affair to Remember (1957) - with two unsuccessful nominations for Best Original Screenplay and Best Original Song. [Note: During Hanks' acceptance speech, he paid homage to his high school gay teacher Rawley Farnsworth - the situation was later used as the basis for the comedy In & Out (1997) in which a passionate Oscar winner during his acceptance speech inadvertently outed a teacher.]
The other Best Actor nominees were:
- Daniel Day-Lewis (with his second nomination) as wrongly-imprisoned IRA terrorist and political prisoner Gerald Conlon in In the Name of the Father
- Laurence Fishburne (with his first nomination) as abusive wife-beater Ike Turner in What's Love Got to Do With It (with two nominations and no wins); Fishburne, whose nomination was bumped up to a lead one, performed his own songs in the film
- Anthony Hopkins (with his second nomination) as faithful, yet repressed head butler Stevens in The Remains of the Day
- N. Ireland native Liam Neeson (with his first nomination) as conscience-stricken German industrialist Oskar Schindler, the savior of a thousand Polish Jews in Schindler's List
Among the female acting nominees, two were simultaneously nominated in the lead and supporting acting categories in 1993 - Holly Hunter and Emma Thompson. They were the first nominees to compete against each other in both the Actress and Supporting Actress categories, in the same year:
[Because Emma Thompson lost both Oscars in the Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress categories, she shares the same dubious 'achievement' with actress Sigourney Weaver - who was also unsuccessful with her nominations for Gorillas in the Mist (1988) and Working Girl (1988). Although Thompson and Weaver both lost, usually a double-nominee wins one of the categories.]
Holly Hunter (with her second/third nominations and first Oscar win) won the Best Actress Oscar for her dialogue-less performance as the 19th century mute (since childhood) and mail-order bride Ada McGrath - the erotic, Scottish woman and gifted pianist in The Piano. [This was another instance in which an award was given for an actress' non-speaking role, i.e., Jane Wyman in Johnny Belinda (1948), Patty Duke in The Miracle Worker (1962), Marlee Matlin in Children of a Lesser God (1986).]
The other four Best Actress nominees were:
- Angela Bassett (with her first nomination) as abused rock singer Tina Turner in What's Love Got to Do With It
- Stockard Channing (with her first nomination) as privileged Fifth Avenue wife Ouisa Kittredge in director Fred Schepisi's satirical comedy/drama of race and class, Six Degrees of Separation (the film's sole nomination)
- Emma Thompson (with her second - or third nomination) as housekeeper Miss Kenton in The Remains of the Day
- Debra Winger (with her third unsuccessful nomination) as Joy Gresham, the forthright American fan/poet and romantic lover of Oxford author/lecturer C. S. Lewis in director Richard Attenborough's exquisite melodrama, Shadowlands (with only two nominations, also Best Adapted Screenplay - and no wins)
The Best Supporting Actor Oscar was won by Tommy Lee Jones (with his second nomination and first Oscar win) for his performance as determined and relentless, laconic Deputy U.S. Marshal Samuel Gerard who tracks fugitive Harrison Ford in the exciting chase film The Fugitive. Many felt the award should have gone to Ralph Fiennes instead.
The other four Best Supporting Actor nominees in the category were:
- nineteen year-old (pre-Titanic) Leonardo DiCaprio (with his first nomination) as co-star Johnny Depp's impaired, mentally-challenged teenage brother Arnie Grape in director Lasse Hallstrom's What's Eating Gilbert Grape (the film's sole nomination)
- Ralph Fiennes (with his first nomination) as the merciless and vicious Nazi labor camp commander Amon Goeth in Plaszow in Schindler's List
- John Malkovich (with his second nomination) as former CIA agent and cold-blooded Presidential assassin Mitch Leary in director Wolfgang Petersen's thriller In the Line of Fire (with three nominations and no wins)
- Pete Postlethwaite (with his first nomination) as Guiseppe Conlon, the father of wrongly-imprisoned co-star Daniel Day-Lewis in In the Name of the Father
The unexpected winner of the Best Supporting Actress Oscar was 11 year-old Anna Paquin for her R-rated film role as co-star (and competitive nominee) Holly Hunter's illegitimate daughter Flora in The Piano. [Paquin's Oscar, in her debut film, made her the second youngest competitive Oscar winner, second to 10 year-old Tatum O'Neal who won the Oscar twenty years earlier for Paper Moon (1973). Paquin also became the first New Zealander to receive an Oscar for Best Supporting Actress.]
The other Best Supporting Actress nominees included:
- Holly Hunter (with her second - or third nomination) as tough, bleach-blonde secretary Tammy Hemphill in producer/director Sydney Pollack's thriller based on John Grisham's best-selling novel about a corrupted law firm, The Firm (with two nominations and no wins)
- Brooklyn-born Puerto Rican Rosie Perez (with her first nomination) as co-star Jeff Bridges' fellow airplane crash survivor and guilt-stricken Hispanic mother Carla Rodrigo in director Peter Weir's Fearless (the film's sole nomination)
- Winona Ryder (with her first nomination and the favored nominee) as May Welland - the emotionally-proper fiancee of co-star Daniel Day-Lewis in director Martin Scorsese's film adaptation of Edith Wharton's novel The Age of Innocence (with five nominations and one win - Best Costume Design)
- Emma Thompson (with her second - or third nomination) as Gareth Peirce - Gerald Conlon's (Daniel Day-Lewis') English solicitor in In the Name of the Father
Six-time Best Actress nominee (in 1949, 1953, 1956-1958, and 1960) and win-less Deborah Kerr received an Honorary award during the ceremonies, "in appreciation for a full career's worth of elegant and beautifully-crafted performances." She had appeared in some of cinema's greatest films, including Black Narcissus (1947), I See A Dark Stranger (1947), Edward, My Son (1949), The Prisoner of Zenda (1952), From Here to Eternity (1953), The King and I (1956), Tea and Sympathy (1956), Heaven Knows, Mr. Allison (1957), Separate Tables (1958), The Night of the Iguana (1964), and The Arrangement (1969).
Oscar Snubs and Omissions:
Brad Pitt was un-nominated for his performance as terrifying, homicidal serial killer Early Grayce in Kalifornia, nor was Val Kilmer as philosophical, ravaged Doc Holliday in Tombstone, nor was Ben Kingsley as Schindler's Jewish accountant in Schindler's List, nor was Debra Winger as Arliss Howard's wife Vida in a romantic triangle in the pyrokinetic, incendiary Wilder Napalm.
Tim Burton's offbeat, stop-action animated musical The Nightmare Before Christmas was nominated (and lost) for only one award: Best Visual Effects, but was ignored for Danny Elfman's original musical score, and for the songs in its soundtrack (there were about a dozen songs in its 74 minutes). Unexpectedly, there were no nominations for Wayne Wang's mother-daughter stories (adapted from Amy Tan's novel) in The Joy Luck Club.
Juliette Binoche was denied a nomination as grieving wife Julie Vignon de Courcy in the first film of director Krzysztof Kieslowski's three-color trilogy, Three Colors: Blue (Fr.) (aka Trois Couleurs: Bleu).
Denzel Washington was denied an acting nomination for his performance as black, ambulance-chasing defense lawyer Joe Miller (opposite Best Actor-winning Tom Hanks) in Philadelphia, as was Jeff Bridges for his role as post-traumatic stress disorder victim Max Klein in Weir's Fearless, and Arnold Schwarzenegger as fictional action hero film character Sgt. Jack Slater (and himself) in Last Action Hero. Although nominated for Remains of the Day, Anthony Hopkins should also have been nominated for his role as Christian novelist C.S. Lewis in Shadowlands (a film mostly neglected by the Academy). And Matthew McConaughey was un-nominated for his memorable performance as the seasoned suitor named Wooderson of Texas high school girls in Dazed and Confused.
An emerging romantic comedy masterpiece, Groundhog Day, struck out for Oscar nominations. There was no recognition for director/screenwriter Harold Ramis, or for actor Bill Murray's superb characterization as TV weatherman Phil who was forced to repeat the same day over and over again in an endless loop, and (supporting) actress Andie MacDowell as TV producer Rita (Phil's love interest). Composer John Williams' musical score for Jurassic Park was also not nominated.
The 65th Academy Awards ceremony, which honored the best achievements in film in 1992, was held on March 29, 1993 at Los Angeles' Dorothy Chandler Pavilion. Actor Billy Crystal hosted the show for the fourth consecutive year. In related events, during a ceremony held at the Century Plaza Hotel in Los Angeles on March 6, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by host Sharon Stone.
Unforgiven won four Oscars including Best Picture, Best Director for Clint Eastwood and Best Supporting Actor for Gene Hackman. Best Director winner Clint Eastwood became the seventh person nominated for lead acting and directing for the same film. Best Actor winner Al Pacino was the sixth performer to receive nominations in the lead and supporting categories in the same year. He also became the first person to win in the lead acting category after achieving the aforementioned feat. By virtue of his second straight win in both music categories, Alan Menken became the third person to win two Oscars in two consecutive years.
Nominees and Winners
The nominees for the 66th Academy Awards were announced on February 17, 1993. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 29, 1993.
See also: Best Picture
- Unforgiven — Clint Eastwood, producer
- The Crying Game — Stephen Woolley, producer
- A Few Good Men — David Brown, Rob Reiner and Andrew Scheinman, producers
- Howards End — Ismail Merchant, producer
- Scent of a Woman — Martin Brest, producer
See also: Best Director
- Unforgiven — Clint Eastwood
- The Crying Game — Neil Jordan
- Howards End — James Ivory
- The Player — Robert Altman
- Scent of a Woman — Martin Brest
See also: Best Actor
- Al Pacino — Scent of a Woman
- Robert Downey Jr. — Chaplin
- Clint Eastwood — Unforgiven
- Stephen Rea — The Crying Game
- Denzel Washington — Malcolm X
See also: Best Actress
- Emma Thompson — In the Name of the Father
- Catherine Deneuve — Indochine
- Mary McDonnell — Passion Fish
- Michelle Pfeiffer — Love Field
- Susan Surandon — Lorenzo's Oil
Best Supporting Actor
See also: Best Supporting Actor
- Gene Hackman — Unforgiven
- Jaye Davidson — The Crying Game
- Jack Nicholson — A Few Good Men
- Al Pacino — Glengarry Glen Ross
- David Paymer — Mr. Saturday Night
Best Supporting Actress
See also: Best Supporting Actress
- Marisa Tomei — My Cousin Vinny
- Judy Davis — Husbands and Wives
- Joan Plowright — Enchanted April
- Vanessa Redgrave — Howards End
- Miranda Richardson — Damage
Best Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen
See also: Best Original Screenplay
- The Crying Game — Neil Jordan
- Husbands and Wives — Woody Allen
- Lorenzo's Oil — George Miller and Nick Enright
- Passion Fish — John Sayles
- Unforgiven — David Webb Peoples
Best Screenplay Based on Material Previously Produced or Published
See also: Best Adapted Screenplay
- Howards End — Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
- Enchanted April — Peter Barnes
- The Player — Michael Tolkien
- A River Runs Through It — Richard Friedenberg
- Scent of a Woman — Bo Goldman
Best Foreign Language Film
See also: Best Foreign Language Film
- Indochine from France — Régis Wargnier
- Close to Eden from Russia — Nikita Mikhalkov
- Daens from Belgium — Stijn Coninx
- A Place in the World from Uruguay — Adolfo Aristarain
[NOTE: THIS IS NOT AN OFFICIAL NOMINATION. After nominations were announced, information came to light that showed that this film was wholly produced in Argentina, and had insufficient Uruguayan artistic control. The film was declared ineligible and removed from the final ballot.]
- Schtonk! from Germany — Helmut Dietl
Best Documentary Feature
See also: Best Documentary Feature
- The Panama Deception — Barbara Trent and David Kasper, producers
- Changing Our Minds: The Story of Dr. Evelyn Hooker — David Haugland, producer
- Fires of Kuwait — Sally Dundas, producer
- Liberators: Fighting on Two Fronts in World War II — William Miles and Nina Rosenblum, producers
- Music for the Movies: Bernard Herrmann — Margaret Smilow and Roma Baran, producers
Best Documentary Short
See also: Best Documentary Short
- Educating Peter — Thomas C. Goodwin and Gerardine Wurzburg, producers
- At the Edge of Conquest: The Journey of Chief Wai-Wai — Geoffrey O'Connor, producer
- Beyond Imagining: Margaret Anderson and the 'Little Review' — Wendy L. Weinberg, producer
- The Colours of My Father: A Portrait of Sam Borenstein — Richard Elson and Sally Bochner, producers
- When Abortian Was Illegal: Untold Stories — Dorothy Fadiman, producer
Best Live Action Short
See also: Best Live Action Short
- Omnibus — Sam Karmann
- Contact — Jonathan Darby and Jana Sue Memel
- Cruise Control — Matt Palmieri
- The Lady in Waiting — Christian M. Taylor
- Swan Song — Kenneth Branagh and David Parfitt
Best Animated Short
See also: Best Animated Short
- Mona Lisa Descending a Staircase — Joan C. Gratz
- Adam — Peter Lord
- Reci, Reci, Reci... (Words, Words, Words) — Michaela Pavlatova
- The Sandman — Paul Berry
- Screen Play — Barry J.C. Purves
Best Original Score
See also: Best Original Score
- Aladdin — Alan Menken
- Basic Instinct — Jerry Goldsmith
- Chaplin — John Barry
- Howards End — Richard Robbins
- A River Runs Through It — Mark Isham
Best Original Song
See also: Best Original Song
- "A Whole New World" from Aladdin — Music by Alan Menken; Lyric by Tim Rice
- "Beautiful Maria of My Soul" from Mambo Kings — Music by Robert Kraft; Lyric by Arne Glimcher
- "Friend Like Me" from Aladdin — Music by Alan Menken; Lyric by Howard Ashman
- "I Have Nothing" from The Bodyguard — Music by David Foster; Lyric by Linda Thompson
- "Run To You" from The Bodyguard — Music by Jud Friedman; Lyric by Allan Rich
See also: Best Cinematography
- A River Runs Through It — Philippe Rousselot
- Hoffa — Stephen H. Burum
- Howards End — Tony Pierce-Roberts
- The Lover — Robert Fraisse
- Unforgiven — Jack N. Green
Best Art Direction
See also: Best Art Direction
- Howards End — Art Direction: Luciana Arrighi; Set Decoration: Ian Whittaker
- Bram Stoker's Dracula — Art Direction: Thomas Sanders; Set Decoration: Garrett Lewis
- Chaplin — Art Direction: Stuart Craig; Set Decoration: Chris A. Butler
- Toys — Art Direction: Ferdinando Scarfiotti; Set Decoration: Linda DeScenna
- Unforgiven — Art Direction: Henry Bumstead; Set Decoration: Janice Blackie-Goodine
See also: Best Costume Design
- Bram Stoker's Dracula — Eiko Ishioka
- Enchanted April — Sheena Napier
- Howards End — Jenny Beavan and John Bright
- Malcolm X — Ruth Carter
- Toys — Albert Wolsky
See also: Best Makeup
- Bram Stoker's Dracula — Greg Cannom, Michèle Burke and Matthew W. Mungle
- Batman Returns — Ve Neill, Ronnie Specter and Stan Winston
- Hoffa — Ve Neill, Greg Cannom and John Blake
Best Film Editing
See also: Best Film Editing
- Unforgiven — Joel Cox
- Basic Instinct — Frank J. Urioste
- The Crying Game — Kant Pan
- A Few Good Men — Robert Leighton
- The Player — Geraldine Peroni
See also: Best Sound
- The Last of the Mohicans — Chris Jenkins, Doug Hemphill, Mark Smith and Simon Kaye
- Aladdin — Terry Porter, Mel Metcalfe, David J. Hudson and Doc Kane
- A Few Good Men — Kevin O'Connell, Rick Kline and Bob Eber
- Under Siege — Don Mitchell, Frank A. Montaño, Rick Hart and Scott D. Smith
- Unforgiven — Les Fresholtz, Vern Poore, Dick Alexander and Rob Young
Best Sound Effects Editing
See also: Best Sound Effects Editing
- Bram Stoker's Dracula — Tom C. McCarthy and David E. Stone
- Aladdin — Mark Mangini
- Under Siege — John Leveque and Bruce Stambler
Best Visual Effects
See also: Best Visual Effects
- Death Becomes Her — Ken Ralston, Doug Chiang, Doug Smythe and Tom Woodruff, Jr.
- Alien 3 — Richard Edlund, Alec Gillis, Tom Woodruff, Jr. and George Gibbs
- Batman Returns — Michael Fink, Craig Barron, John Bruno and Dennis Skotak
- Federico Fellini in recognition of his place as one of the screen's master storytellers.
Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
Gordon E. Sawyer Award
SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL AWARD
- Chadwell O'Connor of the O'Connor Engineering Laboratories for the concept and engineering of the fluid-damped camera head for motion picture photography.
- Loren Carpenter, Rob Cook, Ed Catmull, Tom Porter, Pat Hanrahan, Tony Apodaca and Darwyn Peachey for the development of "RenderMan" software which produces images used in motion pictures from 3D computer descriptions of shape and appearance.
- Clause Wiedemann and Robert Orban for the design and Dolby Laboratories for the development of the Dolby Labs 'Container.'
- Ken Bates for the design and development of the Bates Decelerator System for accurately and safely arresting the descent of stunt persons in high freefalls.
- Al Mayer for the camera design, Iain Neil and George Kraemer for the optical design, Hans Spirawski and Bill Eslick for the opto-mechanical design and [[Don Earl]] for technical support in developing the Panavision System 65 Studio Sync Sound Reflex Camera for 65mm motion picture photography.
- Doublas Trumbull for the concept, Geoffrey H. Williamson for the movement design, Robert D. Auguste for the electronic design and Edmund M. Guilio for the camera system design of the CP-65 Showscan Camera System for 65mm motion picture photography.
- Arnold & Richter, Otto Blascheck and the Engineering Department of Arri, Austria for the design and development of the Arriflex 765 Camera System for 65mm motion picture photography.
- Ira Tiffen of the Tiffen Manufacturing Corporation for the production of the Ultra Contrast Filter Series for motion picture photography.
- Robert R. Burton of Audio Rents, Incorporated, for the development of the Model S-27 4-Band Splitter/Combiner.
- Ianin Neil for the optical design and Kaz Fudano for the mechanical design of the Panavision Slant Focus Lens for motion picture photography.
- Tom Brigham for the original concept and pioneering work and Douglas Smythe and the Computer Graphics Department of Industrial Light & Magic for the development and the first implementation in feature motion pictures of the "MORF" system for digital metamorphosis of high resolution images.
AWARD OF COMMENDATION
- To the International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees in recognition of the indispensable contributions of its members, who represent the full spectrum of artists, technicians and craftspeople, to the art of motion pictures on the occasion of the one-hundredth anniversary of the Alliance's founding.
MEDAL OF COMMENDATION
- Petro Vlahos in appreciation for outstanding service and dedication in upholding the high standards of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
Oscar winner best actor 1993
1993 Best Actor Oscar: Take two?
The 1993 Best Actor race was Tom Hanks’ to lose, and he didn’t. There were several striking performances that year. Laurence Fishburne was searing as the mercurial Ike Turner in What’s Love Got to Do With It. Anthony Hopkins was understated to the extreme as the ultimate stiff-upper-lip butler in The Remains of the Day, though his 1992 win for The Silence of the Lambs may have let voters decide it was someone else’s turn. Same with Daniel Day-Lewis, searing in In the Name of the Father as a wrongly imprisoned man, but who had also won just four years earlier for My Left Foot. And Liam Neeson was fascinating and mysterious as the unlikely savior in Schindler’s List, but the Academy must have felt it had several other opportunities to honor the Holocaust drama (it won in seven of its 12 categories, including Best Picture).
It’s easy to chalk up Hanks’ prize for his Philadelphia performance to political correctness. A lot of observers thought he was doing something brave and risky, as a straight actor playing a gay man with AIDS (though William Hurt had won an Oscar for playing an embattled gay man eight years earlier in Kiss of the Spider Woman and hadn’t seen his career suffer at all). Others may have thought Hanks was owed, having paid his dues, established himself as a serious actor (no longer the goofball from Bosom Buddies and Turner and Hooch), and missed out on the award five years earlier (when his Big kid lost to Dustin Hoffman’s Rain Man). Today, Philadelphia seems more heavy-handed and obvious than bold, with Hanks’ character a colorless martyr without much of a personality, except when he’s passionately discussing opera (see the clip after the jump). In contrast, Neeson’s character continues to surprise to this day, as the actor was faced with the more difficult task (to my mind) of trying to answer the riddle of what made Schindler do the right thing. In a movie era where slashers and serial killers are abundant and performances like Hopkins’ Hannibal Lecter in Silence try to explain the mystery of evil (even though nothing could be more commonplace and banal), it’s much more interesting to probe the mystery of goodness, of why, when it was so easy to do wrong, Schindler risks all to do right. I’m not sure the movie ever finds an answer, and Neeson’s performance remains all the richer today for preserving the ambiguity.
Looking back from today’s perspective, which of these performances doyou think is the best? Vote in our poll, and list your comments below.(For a refresher, watch the clips embedded after the jump, whichmay contain some NSFW language.) Remember, we’ll be running the Recall the Gold surveys every Tuesdayand Thursday until January, so you may go back at any time and vote inthe other polls (click hereto see them all), reexamining the Oscar races of 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25years ago. On Thursday, Nov. 27, we’ll look at the 1993 Best Directorcompetition. Watch also for commentary and context throughout EW.com,including on Dave Karger’s Oscar Watch blog.
addCredit(“Fotos International/Getty Images”)
Daniel Day-Lewis in In the Name of the Father
Laurence Fishburne in What’s Love Got to Do With It
Tom Hanks in Philadelphia
Anthony Hopkins in The Remains of the Day
Liam Neeson in Schindler’s List
Here's just one problem: I cannot leave you alone for a minute. Otherwise, you will be immediately stolen. His fingers slipped between the woman's legs, stroking her flesh until he felt moisture.
You will also like:
- Craigslist miniature poodles for sale
- 2018 chevy silverado black rims
- Dometic thermostat upgrade kit
- Welcome home ideas for soldiers
- Twin cities spine center
- 1988 chevy silverado led headlights
- Sprint iphone 8 sim card
- Bull it tactical jeans
- 2007 chrysler 300 fuel filter
- Outdoor under stairs storage shed
I tried to open my mouth as wide as possible, tried to help him, but his head completely occupied my entire mouth, from further actions. I began to choke, I had nothing to breathe. He periodically took it out and put it back in, I coughed, but he did not stop.