Black children make up more than half of the incidents of police using force on kids
SARAH MCCAMMON, HOST:
More than a year and a half after nationwide racial justice and law enforcement protests came with renewed calls to scale back police use of force, new reporting offers a look at how often such force is affecting children. An analysis this week from The Associated Press looked at more than 3, incidents of kids being handled forcibly by police, and more than half of the children were Black despite the fact that they make up just 15% of the child population in the country. Kristin Henning is director of the Juvenile Justice Clinic at Georgetown University's law school and joins us now to talk about this.
Welcome back to NPR.
KRISTIN HENNING: Thank you.
MCCAMMON: You've represented Black youth in juvenile court cases for a long time. In your experience, what is it about how Black children are being perceived that might account for those disproportionate numbers?
HENNING: Really, America has a long history of failing to see Black children as children. And so when Black children engage in even normal adolescent behaviors, childhood play, they are more likely to be perceived as threatening or dangerous. And some fabulous research by Dr. Phillip Atiba Goff shows that we often perceive Black youth as years older than they actually are. So all of this matters when an officer is making a split-second decision.
MCCAMMON: In your experience, what percentage of the time do you think a police response using some kind of force or restraint is absolutely necessary when it comes to the kids you've represented?
HENNING: Almost never. Very few children of any race engage in the types of violent and severe offenses that we are afraid of - like, 9% of all encounters. And so I think there are times, yes, when force is necessary. But the most of the times that we're reading about in the newspaper that I am seeing in my cases, force is absolutely not necessary.
MCCAMMON: You've talked and written about how Black youth are often denied the freedom to test boundaries in the same way that white teenagers are. How much do we know about the long-term impact of these forcible arrests on young client - your young clients?
HENNING: So there is research sort of documenting that longer-term impact. And what we're finding is that young people who experience - who live in heavily surveilled police neighborhoods experience high rates of fear, anxiety, hopelessness. Also, it has a significant impact on a child's sense of themselves - who they are, who they can become and whether or not it's worth it to even participate in mainstream society.
MCCAMMON: The AP analysis looked at data from the past 11 years. And, again, you've been working with kids in these situations for 25 years and know that use of force is having an outsized impact on Black and brown kids, that that's not a new phenomenon. What still needs to change here to make sure that kids who may be in situations involving law enforcement are being treated justly and fairly?
HENNING: We really have to have a significant cultural shift in our countrywide perspective of young Black children - that they are just children and not to be feared. And so there have been some youth-police dialogues or some efforts to really help police officers soften their perspective and understanding of Black youth. But then I think we've got to honestly radically reduce the footprint of police officers in the lives of children. And instead, we really have to invest in healthy alternatives for school safety, which includes teaching young people how to resolve conflicts.
MCCAMMON: That's Kristin Henning, director of the Juvenile Justice Clinic at Georgetown University's law school and author of "The Rage Of Innocence: How America Criminalizes Black Youth."
Thank you for speaking with us.
HENNING: Thank you for having me.
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What does YBF mean?
YBF means Young, Black and Fabulous
This acronym/slang usually belongs to Internet Slang, Chat Texting & Subculture category.
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What is the abbreviation for Young, Black and Fabulous?
Young, Black and Fabulous can be abbreviated as YBF
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YBF stands for "Young, Black and Fabulous".
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"Young, Black and Fabulous" can be abbreviated as YBF.
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The meaning of YBF abbreviation is "Young, Black and Fabulous".
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Theybf.com is a celebritygossip website which focuses on news regarding prominent African American figures in Hollywood. Theybf.com, which is an abbreviation for the Young, Black and Fabulous, was launched in July by Natasha Eubanks after she noticed a lack of African Americans featured on gossip sites With no previous experience with web site development, Eubanks began experimenting with creating her own blog.
The New Orleans Native, Natasha Eubanks was born in She later began calling Washington DC home after relocating there due to hurricane Katrina, which devastated the New Orleans area on August 29,  Prior to becoming an entrepreneur Eubanks was an aspiring lobbyist who graduated from Texas A&M University with a political science bachelor's degree and was preparing for law school. While making her earnings as a hostess at Olive Garden she decided to make her hobby of reading blogs into a career. Fueled by passion, Eubanks dedicated her time to her blog, she completed one year of law school at Loyola (New Orleans) before dropping out against her parents will. Theybf.com continued to grow over time becoming Eubanks' full-time career.
Theybf.com is ranked by The Web Information Company, Alexa which gives the website a ranking of 2, as of November  According to Black Enterprise Magazine, the ybf.com averages approximately 15 million views per month earning a revenue of 1 million dollars per year, 90% being from advertising.
Theybf.com breaks ground breaking news regarding prominent African American celebrities and public figures. Some of the sites most popular post included topics of Montana Fishburne, Laurence Fishburne's daughter, announcement of signing with Vivid Entertainment, news pertaining to the allegations of Bishop Eddie Long and Updates regarding Chris Brown.
Natasha Eubanks has been featured on NBC Washington,Black Enterprise magazine, and many websites. Eubanks has previously covered the Academy Awards, Grammys and the MTV Video Music Awards. Theybf.com comcorrespondents are present at countless celebrity events.
Marketing and development
In late , Eubanks contracted the Manhattan-based digital and marketing agency BOX Creative to rebuild the current branding and website platform. BOX Creative was responsible for the marketing and development of RadarOnline.com, which was Eubanks initial motive in contacting BOX Creative.
Initially developed on WordPress, BOX Creative redeveloped the platform on the Drupal 6 CMS to provide more expandability and speed. The iPhone app, YBF videos section, and online store are planned to be developed sometime in
Photographic Art Exhibit Debuts this December
PHOENIX, Oct. 28, /PRNewswire/ -- On December 11, during an exclusive unveiling event, entrepreneur, photographer and inspirational speaker Karianne Munstedt will debut the first installment of her latest labor of love, the Embrace Your Beauty: Fierce and Fabulous Over Forty project. During the exclusive invitation-only event, held at Karianne Munstedt Portrait Studio, the women who serve as the stars of these photographic masterpieces will be presented in a whole new light — one designed to celebrate and honor all they individually encompass as mothers, wives, friends, business owners, and more.
"I started this project, which was inspired by one of my mentors in the photography community, to help redefine society's image of women over the age of 40," says Munstedt. "What we are used to seeing in magazines, the movies and society in general is that mature women have less of a place in the spotlight and that we lose our worth as we age. I wanted to turn the stigma upside down and change the narrative of what being a woman over the age of 40 means."
For this inaugural exhibit, Munstedt invited women over the age of 40 to participate in a special photography session during which they spent a day in her studio receiving full hair and makeup and working with a wardrobe stylist to create several looks. The focus of the experience also provided them with the opportunity to express themselves in ways they might not normally in their everyday lives.
Mary Beth Hartleb, founder and CEO of Prism HR Consulting in Nevada, is the event's signature sponsor. She is not only a supporter of the project, but also a participant.
"I believe the 40 Over 40 Project is a necessary paradigm shift in our thinking about beauty and aging. Young women receive unhealthy messages about what is, and what is not, beautiful," Hartleb says. "Often, these messages become life-long beliefs that translate to an unhealthy body image negatively affecting relationships, career aspirations, goal attainment, self -confidence, as well as physical, mental, and emotional health. My hope is that the inaugural Women Over 40 Project will help women discover and embrace their unique beauty at any age."
Munstedt is currently accepting applicants for next year's project: www.kariannemunstedt.com/womenover40project.
Knife & Fork Media Group for Karianne Munstedt
View original content:https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/embrace-your-beauty-fierce-and-fabulous-over-forty-project-celebrates-womenhtml
SOURCE Karianne Munstedt Photography
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