Dod banned supplements list 2020

Dod banned supplements list 2020 DEFAULT

Military Controlled Substances and Banned Supplements in Washington

Members of the United States Military are held to stricter standards than typical civilians, and there is no exception when it comes to illicit substances. All branches observe a no-tolerance policy when it comes to drugs and supplements that are on the military banned substance list. This can sometimes create conflict. Even substances that are legal in some locations are banned for those who serve. When such an extensive list of banned substances includes supplements or medications that are legal in your area, the chances of mishap increase. Such mishaps, though easy to fall into, can have drastic consequences.

If you’re in the military and are facing a drug charge in the Tacoma area, contact The Law Offices of Morgan Fletcher Benfield, PLLC. An experienced Tacoma military drug lawyer can make sure you know your options, and that your rights are not infringed.

Call () today, or reach out online to schedule a free consultation.

DEA Controlled Substances Banned by the Military

Military personnel are not allowed to use anything that appears on the Drug Enforcement Administration’s list of banned substances. This includes:

  • Marijuana
  • Spice
  • Amphetamines
  • Anabolic Steroids
  • Synthetic Cannabinoids
  • Other mood-altering substances

Other substances military members are banned from using are prescription drugs not prescribed to the user and certain weight-loss medications. Of particular note is marijuana; though recreational use of cannabis has been legalized in Washington since , it remains off-limits to those in the U.S. Military.

Dietary Supplements Also on Military Banned Substance List

If you’re in the military, you are prohibited from using these dietary supplements and pre-workout products:

  • Acacia Rigidula
  • Aconite
  • Aegeline
  • Aromatase Inhibitors
  • Betaphrine
  • BMPEA
  • Cannabidiol (a compound found in the marijuana plant, sometimes used in dietary supplements and pharmaceutical medications)
  • DMAA
  • DMBA
  • Ephedra
  • HCG
  • HGH
  • IGF
  • Kratom
  • Methylsynephrine
  • Phenibut
  • Picamilon
  • Pseudoephedrin (most commonly known as Sudafed)
  • Racetams
  • Redotex
  • Salvia Divinorum
  • SARM

Many of these products are common in a wide variety of workout and dietary supplements. Their complex chemical nature can make it difficult to know for sure whether they are present in a supplement you are taking. If you are facing ramifications because a supplement you are taking is banned by the military, contact a Tacoma military drug lawyer today.

Drug Crimes in Washington

While recreational marijuana is legal in Washington, its use is still heavily-regulated. Washington law dictates you must be 21 to purchase or use marijuana legally. It is a crime in Washington to possess more than one ounce of marijuana, 16 ounces of a solid marijuana-infused product, or 72 ounces of a marijuana-infused liquid. It is also illegal to possess marijuana paraphernalia.

Drug crimes in Washington are not limited to possession. Prescription drug fraud is also recognized as a punishable offense under Washington law. This offense refers to the buying, selling, or distribution of prescription drugs by anyone who is not authorized to do so. Conviction of a drug charge in Washington can result in any number of penalties, which range from a short time in jail to a lengthy prison sentence and fines.

Criminal Defense for Military Members Facing Civilian Drug Charges

If you’re in the military and commit a criminal offense (such as a drug crime) in the scope of completing your job’s duties, you will likely face punishment under the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). However, if you were off-base or not on duty at the time of your alleged crime, you can be penalized under the laws of the state in which you were caught with, delivering, or manufacturing an illegal substance.

Minor misdemeanor drug offenses can be punished with 90 days to one year in jail, and up to $1, fines. A gross misdemeanor drug charge can result in up to days in jail and as high as a $5, fine. Felony-level drug crimes are punishable with five years to life in prison, and fines of anywhere between $10, and $50, Because the penalties for even minor drug offenses are harsh, it’s important to retain the help of a skilled attorney as soon as possible after you’ve been charged to assist with your defense.

At The Law Offices of Morgan Fletcher Benfield, PLLC, we assist service members facing civilian drug charges. If you were caught with an illegal substance, contact us today for help.

Facing a Military Drug Charge? Find Out Your Rights

Facing a drug charge in the military is even more serious than facing a similar offense as a civilian. In addition to the possible penalties listed here, you may face additional punishment from your branch of service. If you’re facing a military drug charge, you need someone on your side who has knowledge of the military banned substance list. Attorney Morgan Fletcher Benfield knows your rights in military drug cases and will make sure you do, too.

If you have any questions about military drug charges or drug crimes in Washington, contact The Law Offices of Morgan Fletcher Benfield, PLLC at () today.

Sours: https://benfieldlegal.com/military-banned-substance-list-and-related-drug-crimes-in-washington/

Supplements are used by millions of Americans every day.

There are supplements that claim to assist with everything from ailments and weight loss to increasing cognitive abilities.

Although some supplements may not be illegal, they may not pass the military&#;s strict rules on supplement use.

Supplements are heavily regulated by the FDA and often contain approved or non-approved ingredients.

The Department of Defense follows FDA regulations and requires soldiers to do the same.

Supplements may be banned because of FDA regulation, the supplement&#;s side effects or for other reasons.

You can find military banned supplements list for below.

Related Article &#; Best Supplements for Belly Fat

1. Acacia Rigidula

Acacia Rigidula

What is it?

More commonly known as Blackbrush, Acacia Rigdula is a stimulant that is native to southwest Texas and northern parts of Mexico.

It is used and marketed as both a weight loss supplement, as well as a supplement that works to increase your athletic performance, or bodybuilding.

Why did the military ban it?

Since the FDA hasn&#;t classified it as an official dietary ingredient, it&#;s been deemed illegal for use.

Additionally, several manufactures of supplements that contain the ingredient &#;Acacia Rigidula&#; have been caught illegally injecting BMPEA into their supplement.

As a result, products containing this specific ingredient have been considered &#;adulterated&#;.

Common Supplements containing Acacia Rigidula:

  • Beta-Stim by Ronnie Coleman
  • some Green Coffee Bean Extract+Energy supplements

Learn more about Acacia Rigidula:

https://www.opss.org/article/acacia-rigidula-it-legal

https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono/acacia-rigidula

2. Aconite

What is it?

Aconite, also known as Wolfsbane, is a plant that is commonly used in traditional medicines.

It is marketed as being able to improve certain heart conditions and nerve or joint pain.

Why did the military ban it?

All species of Aconite contain a strong, fast acting poison.

This poison is harmful when ingesting the root itself, a processed product or rubbed on the skin.

Aconite is currently in the FDA&#;s Poisonous Plant Database and is noted as needing strict surveillance of the product after several deaths.

Common Supplements containing Aconite:

  • Fu Zi Aconite (sold as an herb to be ground up in a supplement)

Learn more about Aconite:

https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono/aconite

https://www.cfsanappsexternal.fda.gov/scripts/plantox/detail.cfm?id=

3. Aegeline

What is it?

Aegeline, also known as Bael, is found naturally on the Aegle marmelos tree or can be created synthetically.

It is currently marketed as a weight loss or muscle building supplement.

Why did the military ban it?

The FDA has not recognized Aegeline as a legitimate ingredient in dietary supplements.

The ingredient has been linked with cases of acute liver injury.

The FDA issued warning letters against supplements containing Aegeline stating that they were adulterated.

Common Supplements containing Aegeline:

Learn more about Aegeline:

https://www.opss.org/article/aegeline-why-it-problem

https://www.fda.gov/food/food-safety-modernization-act-fsma/annual-report-congress-use-mandatory-recall-authority

Related Article &#; Leanbean Review

4. Aromatase Inhibitors

What is it?

Aromatase Inhibitors are also known as Arimistane and ATD. The drug prevents testosterone from being converted to estrogen.

They are used to maintain testosterone levels and to increase muscle.

Why did the military ban it?

Aromatase Inhibitors are drugs that are used for treatment of breast and ovarian cancer and should not be an ingredient in supplements for this reason.

They are prohibited in sport by the World Anti-Doping Agency and are on the Department of Defense prohibited ingredients list.

Common Supplements containing Aromatase Inhibitors :

Learn more about Aromatase Inhibitors:

https://www.opss.org/article/aromatase-inhibitors-can-military-service-members-use-them

https://www.fda.gov/inspections-compliance-enforcement-and-criminal-investigations/warning-letters/performance-nutrition-formulators-llc-dba-vmi-sports

Related Article &#; Best Fat Burners For Women (+ 1 Runner Up)

5. BMPEA

What is it?

BMPEA is a synthetic supplement. It was created to possibly replace amphetamine.

It is a stimulant that can have effects on the central nervous system.

Supplements with this ingredient advertise energy and loss of appetite.

Why did the military ban it?

It is banned because it does not currently meet the definition of a dietary substance and in turn, is illegal to use as one.

BMPEA is often labeled as Acacia rigidula on labels and is currently considered misbranded.

BMPEA is not an extract of Acacia rigidula.

Common Supplements containing BMPEA:

  • Fastin-XR
  • Critical FX
  • Core Burner

Learn more about BMPEA:

https://www.opss.org/article/bmpea-prohibited-ingredient

https://www.fda.gov/food/dietary-supplement-products-ingredients/bmpea-dietary-supplements

6. Cannabidiol

What is it?

Cannabidiol is known as CBD. It can be made synthetically or found on the plant Cannabis sativa (marijuana, hemp).

The product is marketed to assist ailment from many illnesses.

Why did the military ban it?

The FDA states that CBD products cannot be sold as dietary supplements, so products advertising as dietary supplements are illegal.

Also, the military has banned any use of products containing CBD under the Uniform Code of Military Justice.

Common Supplements containing Cannabidiol:

  • CBD Pain Relief Cream
  • CBD Softgel-Anti-Inflammation

Learn more about Cannabidiol:

https://www.opss.org/article/cannabidiol-are-products-cbd-legal

https://www.fda.gov/news-events/public-health-focus/fda-regulation-cannabis-and-cannabis-derived-products-including-cannabidiol-cbd#dietary_supplements

7. DMAA

What is it?

DMAA, or 1,3-dimethylamylamine, was originally developed as a nasal decongestant but has similar effects to amphetamine (stimulant).

Research shows that is narrows blood vessels and increases blood pressure.

It is marketed in supplements as a performance enhancer and for weight loss.

Why did the military ban it?

The military banned DMAA because the Department of Defense follows the FDA guidelines.

The FDA banned its use in supplements in It is also considered a readiness risk.

Common Supplements containing DMAA:

  • Absolute Pump
  • D-Cut
  • Swole Labs

Learn more about DMAA:

https://www.opss.org/article/dmaa-prohibited-stimulant

https://www.fda.gov/food/dietary-supplement-products-ingredients/dmaa-products-marketed-dietary-supplements

8. DMBA

What is it?

DMBA, also known as 1,3-dimethylbutylamine or AMP Citrate, is a stimulant similar to DMAA.

The drug is found in pre-workout and weight-loss supplements.

It has potentially dangerous side effects.

Why did the military ban it?

This drug is not approved for use in dietary supplements by the FDA.

The safety of the health effects have not been thoroughly studied.

It is illegal in supplements and therefore banned by the military.

Common Supplements containing DMBA:

Learn more about DMBA:

https://www.opss.org/article/dmba-another-prohibited-stimulant

https://www.fda.gov/food/dietary-supplement-products-ingredients/dmba-dietary-supplements

Related Article &#; Instant Knockout Review

9. DMHA

What is it?

DMHA is used as a dietary ingredient in supplements.

Other names include Octodrine and 1,5-DMHA. It is considered a stimulant and can have adverse effects.

Why did the military ban it?

The military banned DMHA because it is a new dietary ingredient lacking evidence for safe use, therefore it is banned for use in supplements from the FDA.

Common Supplements containing DMHA:

  • Lean Pills
  • Pre-Workout Relentless V1
  • Enrage Extreme

Learn more about DMHA:

https://www.fda.gov/inspections-compliance-enforcement-and-criminal-investigations/warning-letters/eflow-nutrition-llc

Ephedra

Ephedra

What is it?

Ephedra is also known as Ephedrine and ephedra alkaloids.

This product is sold as a weight-loss supplement and poses a risk of serious health effects such as heart attack.

Why did the military ban it?

This product cannot be legally sold or marketed in the United States because of a regulation that states ephedrine alkaloids are adulterated.

The military banned it for this reason.

Common Supplement containing Ephedra:

Learn more about Ephedra:

https://www.opss.org/article/ephedra-why-it-illegal

https://www.fda.gov/regulatory-information/search-fda-guidance-documents/small-entity-compliance-guide-final-rule-declaring-dietary-supplements-containing-ephedrine

HCG

What is it?

HCG, or Human chorionic gonadotropin, is a prescription drug used to treat female infertility and hormonal treatment in males.

It is advertised as a weight loss agent.

Why did the military ban it?

It is banned by the military because it is not approved by the FDA for any other uses besides the prescribed uses mentioned above and cannot be sold over the counter.

Common Supplements containing HCG:

  • HCG Diet Homeophatic Drops
  • HCG Platinum
  • HCG Fusion

Learn more about HCG:

https://www.fda.gov/drugs/medication-health-fraud/questions-and-answers-hcg-products-weight-loss

https://www.opss.org/article/hcg-it-legal-supplement

Hemp

What is it?

Hemp is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species and used to make a diverse range of products.

Why did the military ban it?

It&#;s not possible to determine through a urinalysis test if THC is from legal hemp products or illicit marijuana so it&#;s banned all together. 

Common Supplements containing Hemp:

  • Organic Hemp protein
  • Hemp oil capsules

Learn more about Hemp:

https://www.opss.org/infographic/dod-memo-policy-hemp 

HGH

What is it?

HGH is a prescription drug that is also known as human growth hormone used to treat children with growth disorders and adults with other issues.

It is marketed over the counter for uses such as anti-aging.

Why did the military ban it?

This is a prescription medication that is only approved through the FDA for a doctor prescribed licit use.

All other illicit uses are banned.

Common Supplements containing HGH:

Learn more about HGH:

https://www.opss.org/article/hgh-human-growth-hormone-it-legal

https://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/drug_chem_info/hgh.pdf

IGF

What is it?

Insulin-like growth factor type 1, or IGF, is a hormone produced in the liver or in colostrum.

It is advertised as performance enhancing. Synthetic IGF-1 is a prescribed drug.

Why did the military ban it?

IGF is banned as a synthetic drug because it is a prescription that does not have FDA approval for other uses, such as supplement use.

It is also banned by the World Anti-Doping Agency.

Common Supplements containing IGF:

  • IGF-1 Lozenges
  • Deer Antler Velvet

Learn more about IGF:

https://www.opss.org/article/igfit-banned

Isopropylnorsynephrine

What is it?

Isopropylnorsynephrine, known more simply as Betaphrine, does not currently meet the FDA&#;s definition of a dietary ingredient.

Why did the military ban it?

There is lacking evidence on the safety of the product and there have been reported heart issues related to its use. 

It is currently not legal for use in a supplement.

Common Supplements containing Isopropylnorsynephrine:

Learn more about Isopropylnorsynephrine:

https://www.regulations.gov/document/FDAS 

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov//  

Kratom

What is it?

Kratom, known as Mitragyna speciosa korth, is a tropical tree from Southeast Asia.

It is used as a herbal drug but is also marketed as a dietary supplement.

Why did the military ban it?

Kratom will not give a positive result on a routine DoD test, but it is discouraged from use by the military because of it&#;s safety concerns relating to side effects, potential death or addiction.

Common Supplements containing Kratom:

Learn more about Kratom:

https://www.opss.org/article/kratom-and-drug-testing

https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/statement-fda-commissioner-scott-gottlieb-md-agencys-scientific-evidence-presence-opioid-compounds

Methylsynephrine

What is it?

Methylsynephrine, also known as Oxilofrine, is used in dietary supplements and can have effects as a stimulant.

It is generally advertised as a vitamin.

Why did the military ban it?

This product does not meet the FDA&#;s definition of a dietary supplement ingredient and any supplement product containing this ingredient is considered adulterated and illegal.

Common Supplements containing Methylsnephrine:

  • Thermobombs
  • Miami Lean
  • Leaner You

Learn more about Methylsnephrine:

https://www.fda.gov/food/dietary-supplement-products-ingredients/methylsynephrine-dietary-supplements

https://www.opss.org/article/methylsynephrine-illegal-ingredient

Related Article &#;State Farm Military Discount

Phenibut

What is it?

Phenibut is a synthetic drug that is sold for uses such as sleep and reducing stress.

It is a drug (that is not naturally occurring) that was developed in Russia and Latvia where it is used to treat anxiety, insomnia and other conditions.

Why did the military ban it?

It is banned because it does not meet the FDA&#;s definition of an acceptable dietary substance and is illegal to be marketed as one.

Common Supplements containing Phenibut:

  • Limitless
  • Sleep Walker
  • Kavinace

Learn more about Phenibut:

https://www.opss.org/article/phenibut-it-okay-take

https://www.fda.gov/food/dietary-supplement-products-ingredients/phenibut-dietary-supplements

Picamilon

What is it?

Picamilon, also known as Pikatropin, is a prescription drug in Russia made of a combination of niacin and GABA.

It was developed as a treatment of neural conditions and is marketed as a nootropic (cognitive enhancer) dietary supplement.

Why did the military ban it?

Picamilon is banned because it is not an approved drug in the U.S. and does not meet the FDA&#;s description of a dietary supplement ingredient.

Products with this ingredient are considered misbranded and illegal.

Common Supplements containing Picamilon:

  • DBM Endurance World Champion Countess
  • Myokem Nitramine
  • Pump Igniter

Learn more about Picamilon:

https://www.opss.org/article/picamilon-another-illegal-ingredient

https://www.fda.gov/food/dietary-supplement-products-ingredients/picamilon-dietary-supplements

Racetams

What is it?

Racetams are actually a family of non-naturally occurring substances whose use dates back to as early as

They are synthetic drugs that are most commonly marketed as nootropics.

Why did the military ban it?

They are banned because they do not meet the FDA&#;s definition of an approved supplement ingredient.

Common Supplements containing Racetams:

  • Piracetam
  • Alpha GPC
  • Aniracetam
  • Oxiracetam

Learn more about Racetams:

https://www.opss.org/article/nootropics-drugs-or-supplements

Redotex

What is it?

Redotex is a brand name drug manufactured in Mexico that has been sold in the U.S. as a weight loss supplement.

Why did the military ban it?

This drug contains a DEA Controlled Substance that will cause a positive drug test in addition to being a misbranded and illegal unapproved new drug in the U.S.

Common Supplements containing Redotex:

Learn more about Redotex:

https://www.opss.org/article/weight-loss-prescription-drugs-redotex

Salvia Divinorum

Salvia

What is it?

Salvia Divinorum, also known as Sally D, has three common forms Salvia divinorum, Salvia hispanica and Salvia miltiorrhiza.

A plant native to Mexico and Central America, Salvia Divinorum contains the most powerful naturally occurring hallucinogenic agent know.

Why did the military ban it?

Although it is not currently a controlled substance, it is banned because of its effects and because it does not have an approved medical use.

Common Supplements containing Salvia Divinorum:

  • Salvia with MSV
  • Red Sage
  • Dan Shen

Learn more about Salvia Divinorum:

https://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/drug_chem_info/salvia_d.pdf#search=salvia%20divinorum

https://www.opss.org/article/salvia-and-drug-testing

SARMs

What is it?

Selective androgen receptor modulators (SARM) are synthetic drugs that have a similar effect to testosterone.

They are being marketed to bodybuilders.

Why did the military ban it?

It is banned by the military because it is unapproved for human use by the FDA and does not meet the dietary supplement regulations.

It is also banned by the NCAA and WADA.

Common Supplements containing SARMs:

  • Ostarine (MK)
  • Ligandrol (LGD)
  • Testolone (RAD)
  • Cardarine (GW)
  • Andarine S4
  • YK

Learn more about SARMs:

https://www.opss.org/article/sarms-whats-harm

https://www.fda.gov/news-events/fda-brief/fda-brief-fda-warns-against-using-sarms-body-building-products

Related Article &#; Hunter Burn Review

Tianeptine

What is it?

Tianeptine is also known as Tianaa or Tianeptine sulfate and is a prescription drug in other countries.

It is used to treat opioid addictions.

Why did the military ban it?

This ingredient is banned because it does not meet the FDA&#;s definition of a dietary ingredient, it is an unsafe food additive and a non-U.S. drug with adverse effects.

Common Supplements containing Tianeptine:

  • Vicaine
  • Tianaa Red
  • Tianaa White

Learn more about Tianeptine:

https://www.fda.gov/food/dietary-supplement-products-ingredients/tianeptine-dietary-supplements

References

OPSS

See Also

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Rob V.

Rob V.

Rob V. is the founder of OperationMilitaryKids.org. While he never actually served in the US Military, he has a passion for writing about military related topics.

Born and raised in Woodbridge, NJ, he graduated from the New Jersey Institute Of Technology with an MBA in eCommerce.His hobbies include beach volleyball, target shooting, and lifting.

Rob is also a Commercially rated pilot and Certified Flight Instructor (CFI), with over 1, hours of flight time.

Rob V.

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Military Banned Supplements

Military Banned Supplements

out of 5 (53 Ratings)

There are a number of supplements and supplement extracts that are banned by all branches of the military. Find out what supplements aren't allowed in the US Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard.

Related Articles You Might Be Interested In:

Affiliate Disclosure:This post may contain affiliate links. If you click and purchase, I may receive a small commission at no extra cost to you. I only recommend products I have personally vetted. Learn more.
Sours: https://www.operationmilitarykids.org/military-banned-supplements-list/
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AF Academy senior capstone increases awareness of banned substances

News feature: &#;Read the Ingredients&#;

Cadet 1st Class Melissa Brunkal speaks to a class of law students at the Air Force Academy, Feb. She and Cadets 1st Class Alex Hankhouse, Hailee Macias and Isaac Turner presented their capstone project concerning Defense Department and Air Force drug policies and familiarizing cadets and Airmen with the DOD banned substances list. 

Story by Ray Bowden,  photos by Trang Le, Feb. 5,

U.S. AIR FORCE ACADEMY, Colo. &#; Four law students hope their senior capstone project helps cadets at the Air Force Academy make smart decisions about products containing ingredients and substances banned by the Defense Department.

Cadets 1st Class Alex Hankhouse, Melissa Brunkal, Hailee Macias and Isaac Turner designed their capstone to educate cadets about products containing Cannabinol – “CBD,” – and industrial hemp, marketed in a variety of products including oils, syrups, health supplements, lotions and clothing.

“Read the ingredients,” Brunkal said. “You might be familiar with a brand, but you might not be familiar with all of their products. You could be using an illegal substance and not even know it.”

Article a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice bans service members from using illegal substances, including hemp material and CBD often found in products.

See the Defense Department’s list of banned substances here: https://www.opss.org/dietary-supplement-ingredients-prohibited-department-defense )

“There’s more to the Air Force’s policy on drugs than the prohibition of [marijuana], LSD, cocaine and other well-known drugs,” Macias said. “It’s important to pay attention to everything you’re putting into your body and to understand the discipline, rehabilitation and treatment policies the Air Force has in place.”

Purchasing products containing banned ingredients is easy these days as products containing CBD and hemp material are readily available in the U.S.

“Hemp seeds are so popular in consumer goods and at restaurants that I have to second-guess everything and read labels everywhere,” Brunkal said. “In high school, I worked at a grocery story with a juice bar that I love. I can’t go there and order a smoothie bowl anymore because the granola they use had hemp in it.”

Regardless of popular opinion or product, any use of CBD or hemp material is still illegal in the military, the cadets said during their presentation. They devised a publicity blitz featuring a bulletin they’ll place across the campus containing QR codes – two-dimensional barcodes – cadets and faculty can scan to learn more about the DOD’s drug policy and the latest prohibited substances list.

“This list contains numerous substances so be sure to be familiar with the more common ingredients and review it regularly,” Hankhouse said.

The best first step a cadet can take is to educate themselves on DOD and Air Force drug policy and strike up a conversation with their peers, Turner said.

“I never want anyone to have to say they didn’t know something is a policy,” he said.

Macias said that conversation occurs regularly across campus.

“[Cadets] know that while our friends back home are free to indulge as they please, we are more restricted as to what we can and cannot put into our bodies,” she said. “I’ve had many conversations about the implications of drug abuse at the Academy and across the Air Force. Those conversations rarely expand beyond the ‘big dogs’ of the drug world, and I feel there needs to be more education about resources pertaining to the more unknown illegal substances.”

Hankhouse said his interest in the capstone stems from the reports of illegal drug use across the DOD.

“We should do a better job about educating people,” he said. “I wanted to use my knowledge of the law to help in this way.”

The cadets routinely worked with the Air Force Alcohol and Drug Abuse Prevention program staff during their capstone.

“They focused us on the education piece and showed us the resources,” Brunkal said. “We’re very thankful for their involvement.”

Law professor John Hertel directs the Academy’s legal studies capstone course.

“Their capstone presentation hit all the right marks,” he said. “They did what I was hoping for and exceeded expectations.”

Hertel is investigating the potential a video presentation of the capstone may have for the Air Force at-large when it comes to raising awareness about banned substances.

“I hope the information provided through our presentation and our promotion will get the ball rolling for increased education and awareness of other illegal substances people might not even consider,” Macias said.

More Capstone Photos by Trang Le
Cadet Andrew Hammond takes a quiz to see how many over-the-counter products containing Cannabinol &#; or “CBD” &#; he can identify during a capstone project presented by law students at the Air Force Academy, Feb. Use of those products is banned by the Defense Department

The Capstone Team Left to right: Cadets 1st Class Isaac Turner, Alex Hankhouse, Hailee Macias and Melissa Brunkal post for a group photograph after presenting their capstone project concerning Defense Department and Air Force drug polices, Feb.  

Sours: https://www.usafa.edu/af-academy-senior-capstone-increases-awareness-of-banned-substances/
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DoD Policy on Legal &#; Illegal Substances

Unfortunately, there is a long history of alcohol and drug abuse within the military. Exposure to combat and frequent deployments can put service members at an increased risk of abusing substances such as drugs and alcohol.

DoD Policy on Legal and Illegal SubstancesBeginning in the s, individual military branches, and the Department of Defense (DoD) as a whole, developed policies to address substance abuse among service members, DoD civilians, and veterans. These policies are in place to protect military readiness, as well as the health of those on active duty and DoD civilians.

In addition to the negative health impacts substance abuse can cause, it can also impact performance and overall military readiness. The DoD’s current substance abuse policy aims to prevent the following among those on active duty:

  • Alcohol abuse, such as binge drinking
  • Illicit drug use and abuse of prescription drugs
  • Tobacco use
  • Use of other substances which may be legal in some states but can still have some harmful effects, such as marijuana

What is the Department of Defense’s policy on legal and illegal substances?

Substance abuse has negative impacts on military readiness, prevents service members from maintaining high performance standards, and can lead to disciplinary action. For these reasons, the DoD has developed a policy to provide guidance for service members and commanders on what substances are prohibited, the punishments for abusing substances, and where those with problems with substance abuse can go to receive treatment and additional resources.

The goals of the DoD policy on legal and illegal substances include:

  • Prevent and eliminate substance abuse within the Department of Defense
  • Return DoD personnel to their full duty, consistent with mission requirements, after treatment for substance use disorder (SUD)
  • Ensure regular medical screening for those at risk for substance use
  • Encourage employees who have substance use problems to seek treatment as needed, and reduce the stigma associated with seeking treatment
  • Prohibit DoD personnel from possessing, selling, dispensing or using illicit or prescription drugs in a manner other than their legally intended purpose
  • Prohibit DoD personnel from selling, possessing, or using drug paraphernalia, and preventing the possession and sale of drug paraphernalia at DoD resale outlets such as commissaries and exchanges
  • Ensure that DoD personnel will report any individuals involved in using excessive amounts of intoxicants, or the illegal use, sale, or possession of any controlled substances or dangerous drugs
  • Ensure that evidence-based SUD services are available to those who need them within the DoD, and to provide a comprehensive treatment benefit to all eligible TRICARE beneficiaries

What are considered “legal” substances?

There are many types of substances that can be misused or abused; each has dangerous implications for service members’ health. While many of these harmful substances are illegal, legal substances can also be dangerous if they are taken incorrectly or used in large quantities, and their use is prohibited or limited by the DoD. These legal substances include:

  • Prescription drugs: misuse of these drugs is a major concern for the DoD. Misuse of prescription drugs can include taking too much of a prescribed drug, or taking a drug that has been prescribed to someone else. Misuse can lead to seizures and cardiovascular system failure. Prescription drug use doubled among members of the military between and , and nearly tripled between and
  • Alcohol: Misuse of alcohol can lead to increased risk of injury, high blood pressure, heart and liver disease, depression, impaired memory, and other harmful conditions
  • Nicotine: use can lead to increased heart rate and blood pressure, chronic lung disease, cardiovascular disease, and stroke. Nicotine use can also cause certain cancers, including: mouth, bladder, stomach, kidney, or pancreatic

What are considered “illegal” substances?

Illegal substances include:

  • Cannabinoids, including marijuana: use can cause impaired memory and learning, slower reaction time, anxiety and panic attacks, possible decline in mental health, and addiction
  • MDMA: use can lead to impaired memory, depression, anxiety, sleep disturbances, and addiction
  • Flunitrazepam: use can cause memory loss, confusion, impaired coordination, and addiction
  • GHB: use can lead to memory loss, drowsiness, loss of coordination, seizures, and unconsciousness
  • Dissociative drugs, such as ketamine, PCP, and dextromethorphan: these drugs can cause impaired motor function, memory loss, feeling separate from one’s body and environment, and anxiety. Ketamine use can also lead to death
  • LSD: use can cause altered states of feeling and perception, hallucinations, and Hallucinogen Persisting Perception Disorder
  • Stimulants, such as cocaine, amphetamines, and methamphetamines: use can cause increased blood pressure and heart rate, cardiac complications, stroke, seizures, and anxiety
  • Opioids, such as heroin: use can cause impaired coordination, impaired breathing, and endocarditis
  • Bath salts: these drugs increase levels of chemicals in the brain such as dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin, resulting in increased alertness or feelings of euphoria. However, bath salts can also lead to agitation, panic attacks, hallucinations, and combative behavior, with paranoia and delusions often lasting for days. These drugs can also have physical effects, such as increased heart rate and blood pressure, kidney failure, seizures, and death. In , the Synthetic Drug Use Prevention Act was passed, which banned the possession, distribution, or use of the chemicals used to make drugs like bath salts. The DoD also has policies in place to prevent the use of bath salts. The Army’s Prohibited Substances policy states: “Army personnel are prohibited from using, possessing, manufacturing, selling, distributing, importing into or exporting from the United States any controlled substance” such as bath salts. Soldiers in violation of this policy may face punishment.
  • Steroids: use can cause blood clots, high blood pressure, prostate cancer, and hostility and aggression
  • Inhalants: use can lead to slurred speech, loss of coordination, depression, memory loss, nervous system and cardiovascular system damage, and sudden death
  • Salvia divinorum: use can cause hallucinations, changes in mood and vision, feelings of detachment and decreased ability to engage with one’s surroundings. Long-term effects are not known

The DoD policy on legal and illegal substances is in place to ensure that service members stay healthy, are able to perform their duties, and do not get dishonorably discharged due to drug use.


About The AuthorHeather Maxey works at a non-profit that addresses military ineligibility. She is an Army spouse, and met her husband while working as a Health Educator at Fort Bragg.


Sours: https://militarybenefits.info/dod-policy-illegal-substances/

Supplements list banned 2020 dod

ben bunting BA(Hons) PgCert Sport & Exercise Nutriton  Written byBen Bunting: BA(Hons), PGCert. Sport & Exercise Nutrition. L2 Strength & Conditioning Coach.

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If you are serving in the military you may wish to take a military-safe supplement such as Military Muscle to help with your training and improve your overall performance.

After all, athletes take supplements to get that winning edge, and at the end of the day those athletes' lives won't necessarily depend on being stronger, fitter, and faster than their opponent, unlike the enemy you face on the battlefield.

Furthermore, it is hypothesized that soldiers are just like competitive athletes. [1]

They endure grueling fitness regimes, required to haul heavy loads and in all weathers, on little sleep, and have to be battle-ready all year round.

On the other hand, an athlete needs to excel in usually one event, the athlete has on and off seasons while being supported by a team for optimum performance.

When you start to look at soldiers as elite athletes, it starts to make more sense that nutritional supplements can be of benefit.

In this article we shall cover the following:

  • Supplement use in the military
  • Risks
  • Department of Defense prohibited list
  • Conclusion

Supplements for Military Training

5 star military muscle customer review trustpilot

Military training is designed to be arduous and difficult. It has been developed through hundreds of years of conflict then finely tuned for recent lessons from the battlefield.

Furthermore, military physical training focuses on full-body movements and all-over fitness which reflects lifting, moving, and carrying equipment.

Nutritional supplement use has been around since the early 20th Century.

Arguably taking 'supplements' or aids to increase performance have been around B.C from what the research tells us. [2]

When and what was the turning point?

While ancient warriors and athletes consumed different foods and potions, there wasn't any science or valid understanding of how the body works.

Even throughout the s, there was a misunderstanding of what fuelled our bodies.

This changed around when vitamins and their role was discovered, this new appreciation and comprehension cemented the relationship between science and sports enhancement.

What's the Reason?

Research states that correct nutrition (including the use of supplements) can help an athlete cope with the high demands encountered with intensive training. [3]

Therefore, it may not come as a surprise to learn that it is reported that there is a high use of dietary supplements among elite athletes. [4] [5]

Furthermore, data collated from national surveys in the USA show that 71% of adults use dietary supplements. [6]

Yet it isn't just the US population thatis hooked on supplement use

A review and meta-analysis of 20 questionnaires and surveys published in the International Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism illustrate that athletes around the world are using supplements for a variety of reasons, of which the most common are listed below. [7]

  • Performance enhancement
  • Improve general health
  • Increase energy
  • Better recovery and strength
  • Boost immunity
  • Avoidance of deficiencies
  • Endurance

All of these benefits are often acheived when levels of testosterone are increased (read more, here).

If athletes are gaining an advantage, naturally soldiers want to as well. After all, having that edge over the enemy can be the difference between life and death.

Going on the data that a high percentage of athletes and even civilians are using nutritional supplements to gain that advantage, it would prudent to think that soldiers are using them too.

As a result, it may come as no surprise to learn that the majority of soldiers are using or have used supplements.

While there are different surveys showing slightly differing results across the various services and roles, the overall consensus is that supplement use is high and has risen over the years.

Data

The US Marines are a good example, as 50% of recruits were using supplements that were used upon basic training entrance. [8]

However, the highest usage is among those entering training for special forces roles which escalates to 85% of soldiers taking supplements. [9]

It is important to note that this data is representative of US military service personnel, and may not be reflective of the wider pool of other nations' military forces.

So, we wanted to see what the trends were elsewhere 

A study published in by The Nutrition Society via the Cambridge University Press showed that % of Australian current serving and Middle East veterans used supplements.

% of the survey participants used bodybuilding supplements, and they, on the whole, had healthy lifestyles and better health status than the other participants who were using fat loss and energy supplements. [10]

Moving on to the British Armed Forces, a survey saw that during and at the height of the War on Terror in Afghanistan, % of British soldiers were using or had used supplements ranging from protein shakes to testosterone boosters.

Interestingly there was a rising trend of use by approximately 8% compared to a similar survey taken during in Iraq. [11]

That's an 8% rise in just one year. 

Additional data also shows that 38% of soldiers entering training within the British Army reported the use of supplements. Some (a minority) even reported the use of anabolic steroids and growth hormones.

Interestingly, data modeling suggests that the highest user of supplements for soldiers during training are female, a smoker, of a younger age, and entering officer cadet training. [12]

So what does this say to us?

Supplement use is widespread amongst athletes, soldiers, and the general public, and if past trends are to go by, it will increase over the years.

Supplements for Military Training

soldier with gpmg

The British Army does not recommend the use of supplements as a way to fill a gap in a person's nutritional intake.

They are also concerned about the risk of contamination of supplements from unscrupulous manufacturers. [13]

On the other hand, the US military has taken a different, more educational approach to supplement use for personnel.

They set up a resource called 'Operation Supplement Safety'. This website offers information about which products are high risk and which ingredients are banned.

Thus providing a clear message to its personnel. Essentially, there are no excuses should you test positive for a drug test.

The Australian army notes that their policy for supplement use aligns with the World Anti-Doping Agency. That is, if it contains an ingredient on their list, it is banned for use by their soldiers. [14]

Funnily enough, an article posted on the Australian Army website blog debates the use of human enhancing drugs such as steroids and growth hormones to gain that competitive edge over the enemy.

It is worth noting that even though these military services do appear to clear themselves of any misgivings regarding supplement use among their personnel, all of these nations allow the sale of nutritional supplements on their bases.

The US military has over supplement stores on its bases in the US alone. [15]

Conflicting Messages?

Maybe.

Whichever way you look at the policies in place, they tend to align with those stipulated for athletes.

So we are talking about those supplements and those included ingredients that are allowed or prohibited by WADA.

Are they all bad?

It seems that in some cases supplements may have been given a bad name, this is because there have been quality issues and are still quality issues amongst the manufacture and sale of supplements.

This has led to contaminations.

As a result, there does seem to be a reluctance of acceptance towards supplements within military policy.

No doubt due to the fast-evolving market and products being brought to the market.

That said, there is strong consumer confidence in the safety and quality of supplements, both in the civilian and military contexts. [16]

In addition, it is reported by findings published in the Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology that supplement use is associated with positive health behaviors among US military personnel. [17]

What are the risks?

troops on troop carrier

There are two main risk points for supplement use for those in the military, these being:

1. Untested and therefore potentially unsafe ingredients
2. Possible contamination of banned substances

Let's look at the first point.

Regulation

The U.S Food & Drug Administration (FDA) can only direct the withdrawal of products from sale if there is proof of danger to consumers. [18]

Therefore, in effect, an event has to have happened for there to be an investigation into the sale of a product.

The FDA has to show proof of the danger rather than the manufacturer of a product having to prove the safety of what they sell.

This can open the door to many products being sold by companies who are merely chasing short term profits rather than long term sustainability.

This is why at Military Muscle we provide a supplement that is manufactured to the highest safety and quality standards using only approved ingredients that do not pose a health risk.

Case Study

The FDA was able to take the pre-workout supplement JACK3D off of the market when a number of soldiers died using it which contained DMAA (Dimethylamylamine). [19] [20]

Initially, DMAA wasn't banned. It was initially developed in the s as a nasal decongestant.

It found its way into supplements around to help improve performance and lose weight.

Yet it wasn't until 5 years later that the World Anti-Doping Agency denied its use for athletes.

However, it took the deaths of soldiers [21] and the death of a marathon runner in London [22] to stimulate government agencies in the UK, Canada, and the US to re-classify DMAA from a dietary supplement to a drug, and as such ban its sale or inclusion in fitness supplements.

While the Department of Defense removed the sale of products containing DMAA after the death of the soldiers it was still a year after WADA had banned the substance yet two years prior to the FDA taking any action.

This example using DMAA shows that a product was available to buy, use, and contributed to deaths long before it was withdrawn from sale highlighting the limited restrictions on some products.

Contamination

A widespread issue is also the contamination of supplements with substances that are classed as drugs, and therefore must be regulated.

This may happen for a variety of reasons.

The supplement may be produced in a facility that also manufactures products classified as drugs and is accidental.

Or, they are produced with the intention of not declaring the included drugs to enhance the ability of the product to ensure repeat sales.

From a legal standpoint, it is the manufacturers' or the distributor's responsibility that their product is safe before marketed for sale.

Additionally, there are no provisions by the FDA to approve a product and they rely on feedback from consumers and industry professionals. [23]

As a result, this can lead to abuse of the system.

A regulatory system that had been criticized for not adequately using their powers to protect consumers [24] and recalling products that have been identified as including hidden ingredients that are unapproved drugs. [25]

Arguably, this lack of action by the relevant authorities can be associated with the tens of thousands of hospital admissions in the US linked to supplement use according to a study published in [26]

This criticism may have been the catalyst for a change reported by the FDA in February of to modernize their policies and regulations in order to protect the public and help ensure only the highest quality and safest products are available for sale. [27]

Case Study

During the Olympic Games, a swimmer was given a 1-year suspension and banned from the Olympic Games because a supplement that she had used was contaminated with Clenbuterol which is banned by WADA. [28]

The product that she was using was nothing more than a pre-workout supplement which was to contain arginine, branched-chain amino acids, B6, B12 folic acid, and biotin.

This ingredients list contains absolutely nothing that she should have been worried about. However, it was tainted.

This is why it is imperative that you check the source of your supplements. Where it is made, the regulations imposed and the extra procedures put in place.

Military Muscle is produced in an FDA accredited facility that adheres to Global Standards for Food Safety. Furthermore, it is produced in the USA and UK.

Dietary supplements that are produced in the UK fall under the Food Safety Act legislation.

This means that dietary supplements must be fit for human consumption and not misleadingly mislabelled in order to increase consumer protections. [29]

In addition, any supplements produced or sold in the UK have to include only vitamins and minerals that feature on The Food Supplements Directive that have been assessed for safety and approved by the European Safety Authority.
[30]

Banned Military Supplements List

multiple pills and powder

We have skipped the banned ingredients, compounds, and metabolites that are listed by WADA as these do not correlate directly, although they do share similarities. 

Yet, as we have already seen, different agencies react independently of each other.

In the case of the DMAA issue, it was banned first by WADA, then DoD before the FDA took action.

Therefore, we shall look exclusively at the dietary supplement ingredients prohibited by the Department of Defense for the US Military. [31]

However, we shall go further than the information provided by the DoD, Uniformed Services University, and the Consortium for Health and Military Performance.

In this article, we shall take a further look at each banned substance and its dangers.

We shall cover these in alphabetical order, and any claims will be supported with cited references.

Supplements Not Allowed in the Military

This is the list:

Acacia Rigidula

This may seem like a harmless shrub. Funnily enough, it was synthesized in a laboratory long before it was discovered in a natural source.

The issue with Acacia is that in quite high doses it can have psychiatric effects and may cause users to test positive for amphetamine use which mirrors its amphetamine-like stimulatory effects.

There have been multiple cases of supplements containing Acacia yet lacks any rigorous safety testing.

Further to this, there has been precious little research on humans or even animals, period. [32]

A further concern is that there are many supplements claiming to contain analogs of synthetically made amphetamines, one of which is β‐methylphenylethylamine (BMPEA) which is marketed as Acacia. [33]

It is this which was related to the death of a Swedish woman who used a supplement called Jacked Power. [34]

As a result, it was advised by a published paper from that all products should be removed from sale to the public.

Aconite

Aconite is a plant with purple flowers that are favored in ornamental gardens. However, its gentle appearance belies a poisonous nature. 

It has been used in the past for medicinal purposes from as early as in Vienna and was introduced in the UK a little later in followed by the US in

However, being toxic, and there being a very fine line between benefit and danger, its use declined. [35]

It is worth noting that the roots of the plant are highly toxic, it can cause a host of health issues and even death. [36]

However, the supposed health benefits of improved strength, immunity and pain relief can prove too tempting for some. [37]

Aegeline

There appears to be some conflicting evidence regarding aegeline.

Aegeline supposedly has many health benefits, yet the clinical evidence is lacking. [38]

The catalyst for it to be banned appears to stem from reported liver injury associated with a supplement called OxyElite Pro which included aegeline.

One of the reported benefits is weight loss when consumed as a dietary supplement as animal studies have demonstrated some potential against obesity. [39]

However, the high number of reports of liver injury and even death by the users of the aforementioned supplement.

It was then concluded by members of the Queen's Liver Centre that aegeline was responsible. [40]

Yet, a paper published in disputes these claims and suggests that the historical evidence points towards aegeline being used as a treatment for jaundice and liver injury while the plant being part of many people's diets for thousands of years with no recorded health concerns. [41]

However, it must be noted that the author, Cyril Wilson, of the published report, has worked as a consultant to the manufacturing company of OxyElite Pro.

You could say that he is trying to balance the argument, or he may be considered as trying to dissolve any responsibility for USPlabs.

Aromatase Inhibitors

A natural compound called 3,3'-Diindolylmethane (DIIM) is found in vegetables such as kale, Brussels sprouts, and broccoli is considered an aromatase inhibitor with anti-estrogenic capabilities. [42]

However, DIIM doesn't pose a risk.

The banned supplements list concerns the following:

  • 1,4,6 etioallocholan-dione
  • 3,keto-etiocholetriene
  • Androsta-1,4,6-triene-3,dione (androstatrienedione)
  • Androsta-3,5-diene-7,dione (arimistane)

It appears that the main issue for the listed aromatase inhibitors is that they are not dietary supplements, but classified as steroidal drugs that can have irreversible effects.

They are also used alongside an anabolic cycle to help reduce issues such as water retention and Gynecomastia (enlargement of the nipples).

If used on their own, they can potentially increase testosterone levels by reducing estrogenic steroid hormones. [43]

In effect, this alters your steroidal hormone production. Furthermore, their use can trigger a positive test for the anabolic steroid, boldenone. [44]

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Betaphrine

Studies remark how effective betaphrine is in regard to using stored fats as energy and could be used to mitigate obesity. [45]

So what are the issues? Why is it banned for military personnel?

Well, betaphrine is not a dietary ingredient and is chemically synthesized and classified as a drug because of the nature in which it can alter and affect the function of the body. [46]

BMPEA

There's a large list of varying names for this, but in the end, it all comes down to BMPEA.

This is another synthetic substance that doesn't fit in the role of a dietary ingredient, it also has a similar effect, although about two thirds less of amphetamine.

As such it has been included in sports supplements, and it has been associated with the death of an athlete. [47]

Cannabidiol (CBD)

If you are confused about the inclusion of CBD on the list, then you are not alone.

When it comes to the cannabis plant, there are two main compounds which are known as cannabinoids.

One is THC and the other CBD.

We'll try and keep it simple

THC is what is associated with the 'high' of cannabis. The drug effect and the side effects such as hunger, paranoia, irreversible reduction of IQ over time amongst others. [48]

CBD is reported to have many beneficial health effects and doesn't cause the 'high' that is associated with cannabis nor are there any health-related problems associated with its use.

However, at present, there's a mixed legal status across the USA, and while absolutely minimal, there are still traces of THC. [49]

DMAA

As already discussed, DMAA has been linked to cardiac arrest and the death of soldiers plus a marathon runner. DMAA has been and is used for increasing physical performance and weight control.

Even as early as , the government of New Zealand asked for retailers to voluntarily restrict the sale of products containing DMAA. [50]

DMBA

Back in October , it was noted in issues 1 of volume 7 for the Drug Testing and Analysis Journal that DMBA was a synthetic stimulant that had never been tested in humans.

However, regardless of the lack of testing, it is appearing in supplements for human consumption. If you think the name looks familiar, it is because it's a dialogue of the banned substance, DMAA.

According to findings from some small scale animal studies from the s, it would suggest that DMBA has similar, but not as strong effects as DMAA. [51]

Whilst not clinical, anecdotal side effects of DMBA have been described as leaving people jittery, dizzy, anxiety, and depression. [52]

As a result, it is another synthetically produced compound that is banned in sport by WADA.

DMHA

Also known as octodrine which is found in 'fat burner' products.

Its roots stem back to DMAA as a nasal decongestant.

There's not a great deal of reliable and credible research on DMHA, and lots of speculation along with anecdotal analysis.

DMHA does have physiological and psychoactive effects with high blood pressure and breathing difficulties being side effects. [53]

Ephedra

While ephedra is natural, it can have some negative reactions and creates a 'speed' like effect which increases alertness, energy, and help weight management. 

However, it has been associated with hundreds of dangerous reactions from users.

This has included heart attacks and even death.

Furthermore, over 30 US soldiers have died using ephedra with very few research papers available concluding athletic performance and weight loss enhancements over the long term. [54]

HGC

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin has demonstrated positive effects on increasing testosterone levels and stimulating penis growth for those with a micro-penis. [55]

There's also knowledge of people using HGC TO reduce bodyweight by accompanying it with an extreme calorie-restrictive diet. [56]

Clearly, men and athletes would like these advantages. So what are the risks?

According to a dietitian and health risk counselor, this hormone that is normally produced during pregnancy and used to enhance a weight loss program can cause fatigue, depression, fluid build-up, blood clots, and gynecomastia amongst other effects. [57]

Not only are there dangers, but there is also little conclusive evidence that an HCG supplemented diet is particularly effective and may cause more problems than any positive outcome. [58]

Hemp

Due to the fact that hemp marijuana products do contain a very low level of the compound THC which creates the feeling of being 'high', it is THC which remains illegal. [59]

With the gray areas of legality throughout the US and indeed some international markets, plus the difficulties of regulation and the effects this may cause for military drug testing, hemp and other related products are banned.

Much like CBD. [60]

HGH

Human growth hormone does exactly what it says.

It is required for the growth of every cell for human development.

It has anabolic effects on muscle growth, and as a result, has been banned from sport since the s.

While studies relating to the effects of just HGH aren't widespread, the results of people using them are increases in muscle, power, and strength, however, the use of HGH is usually alongside other drugs.

There are some risks documented by excessive abusers which can include swelling, fluid retention, excessive sweating, increases in the size of feet and hands, cardiovascular diseases, and coarsened facial appearance amongst other side effects. [61]

    • Status: BANNED
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IGF

Insulin-like growth factor 1 is important for growth in children, while in adults it has anabolic effects which help increase muscle development. [62]

However, there are some risks.

Some studies have connected high levels of IGF-1 with cancer. [63]

Yet the risks associated with bodybuilding and performance enhancement include headaches, seizures, jaw pain, altered liver function, low blood sugar to name a few. [64]

Kratom

While not illegal, and not difficult to source, kratom has psychotropic effects which change the way your mind operates.

There have been reported deaths of kratom misuse and it can cause sweating, hallucinations, constipation, seizures, loss of appetite and users may develop a dependency. [65]

It is used as a stimulant and also can have a relaxing effect, provide pain relief, and a 'legal' alternative to opioids. [66]

Methylsynephrine

Also known as oxilofrine, it is a pharmaceutical stimulant that has not been approved for use in the USA as either a prescription drug or a dietary supplement.

It stimulates the heart and increases blood pressure.

It has been the cause of some athletes' suspension from sport due to its inclusion in sports supplements. [67]

Phenibut

Discovered in the s, phenibut has been used throughout Russia as a cognitive enhancer, while relieving tension, anxiety, improving sleep, alleviate depression, and improve sleep. [68]

However, phenibut is not approved for use in many Western countries and bodybuilders anecdotally claim that it can improve muscle building, although this has yet to be clinically proven. [69]

There are risks of becoming dependant on phenibut, particularly as sourcing from the internet can provided spurious amounts.

Picamilon

Another synthetic drug that was formulated in Russia during the s.

It is still sold in Russia as a prescription drug, however, it is not classified as a dietary supplement in the US because it has not been tested for safety in humans. [70]

The state of Oregon sued a supplement manufacturer for including picamilon in their product which is potentially unsafe. [71]

Pseudoephedrine

This is a decongestant that helps relieves swollen blood vessels in the sinuses.

It can cause headaches, increase blood pressure, cause headaches and nausea. There's the possibility it can make you feel restless, nervous and shaky. [72]

The issue in the US is that any cold remedies that include pseudoephedrine is now controlled because it can be used to illegally produce methamphetamine which is a powerful and highly addictive stimulant. [73]

Racetams

Widely used as a nootropic, there are limited human studies and it is considered to be potentially harmful. [74]

As a result, racetams are not legal dietary supplements in the US, they aren't a controlled substance and do not occur naturally, nor are they derivatives of natural substances.

Redotex

Marketed as a weight-loss drug that is banned in the US but available in neighboring Mexico.

The use of redotex has resulted in a number of people being referred to poison centers and can be potentially toxic to the user. [75]

Salvia divinorum

The leaves of this plant can be chewed, brewed as a tea or smoked. The leaves contain compounds like opioids that can be hallucinogenic.

It has been used for hundreds of years, yet research is limited and the effects can vary between user and amounts used.

You may experience a pleasing psychedelic trip or it could be very disturbing.
There is a risk of it triggering psychotic episodes and injuring themselves whilst under the influence. [76]

SARMs

Selective Androgen Receptor Modulators are compounds that are similar to anabolics but without the unwanted side effects commonly associated with drugs such as steroids.

They have been developed over recent years to help people who are suffering from chronic diseases and aging. [77]

However, they are still being developed and more research is required. At present they have classified a new drug that is not approved for human use.

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Tianeptine

Used to treat depression, its use can cause headaches, changes to dreams, constipation, dizziness, and abdominal pains although death has been reported from recreational misuse. [78]

Admissions to US poison control centers increased during by users of Tianeptine which suggests a public health risk. [79]

However, at present, it is classed as an unsafe food additive and is not a dietary supplement ingredient. It is not approved by the FDA.

Vinpocetine

A synthetic version of a substance found in a plant, it is used as a nootropic to improve memory and cognitive function with some success. [80]

However, because it is not a constituent of a plant(s), it cannot be classified as a dietary ingredient.

Conclusion 

There is no doubt that supplements play a large role in military personnel, and they can benefit physical and cognitive performance.

However, there are risks.

Risks that need to be eliminated for safety, and to maintain your role.

This list of ingredients banned by the Department of Defense is overwhelmingly full of substances that are potentially dangerous, proven by past events, or due to the unknown nature of the compound.

One of the problems that seem to be highlighted is the difference between what is considered a dietary supplement and a drug, particularly an unapproved drug.

Some substances that find their way into supplements are synthetic and do not meet the definition of a dietary ingredient, and as such, are classified as unsafe additives.

Whereas others are drugs that are newly developed but haven't yet been through sufficient testing to ensure their safety and effectiveness.

Others are drugs that require a prescription from a medical professional.

Let's take a look in more detail at these classifications.

Dietary Ingredient

According to the FDA a dietary ingredient that is to be used by a person in order to increase their nutritional dietary intake. [81]

They are not and cannot be sold or used to treat any ailments, nor diagnose or prevent diseases.

These can be vitamins, herbs, botanicals, or even amino acids.

The labeling for dietary ingredients or products including them cannot be misleading nor make claims such as reducing pain or treat cancer.

Drug

Unlike dietary ingredients, drugs are intended for the use of treatment of diseases; be this to cure, mitigate, prevent, and diagnose. [82]

They are designed to alter and affect the structure and the function of the body.

Drugs require extensive tests before FDA approval for use.

Standards: Hygiene, Safety, Quality

The lightly regulated nature of the supplement industry can expose supplement users to untested and unclassified substances whether listed on the ingredients panel or not.

It is as important as ever to check where, and to what standards your product is manufactured.

The internet and online market places like Amazon are awash with 'private label' products that are manufactured in facilities and regions whereby safety regulations are little to non-existent.

This can mean that your product is not produced in a clinically graded environment.

Already, the FDA has warned consumers about supplements that are sold on Amazon and Ebay which may contain ingredients that are potentially dangerous. 

This increases the risk of cross-contamination, allergens, or that what is on the label isn't in the bottle particularly in supplements that contain a proprietary blend.

This is hugely important as we are currently in a period whereby we are faced with a global virus pandemic.

It is times like these whereby quality manufacturing standards are a priority, particularly for your safety.

At Military Muscle, we now ensure that there are no animal products in our supplement.

We have gone the extra mile to supply our product in vegan capsules.

Therefore there's no risk of disease or contamination from poorly regulated bovine or porcine sources originating from places like China.

In addition, our product is manufactured in highly regulated and FDA approved facilities to ensure optimum hygiene levels, quality of the ingredients, and that what is on the label, is in the bottle, as per the law states.

The products must not include anything that would be damaging to the health of the people who will consume it. [83]

Furthermore, all of the vitamins included meeting those that are permitted for use which has been assessed and approved by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).

This means you know that you are getting a premium, safe, and legal product.

A clean, safe, effective supplement that can be used by military personnel.

BUY NOW MILITARY MUSCLE


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Sours: https://militarymuscle.co/blogs/studies/banned-supplements-in-the-military
The WORST Supplements of 2021 - Avoid These!

I felt his hands on my chest, he touched her, at first lightly, I felt such an onslaught, such passion. I tried to unbutton my clothes but the buttons did not give in, then he jerked abruptly and tore my blouse, which flew to our feet. My bra also moved there.

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My voice was clearly trembling. - Don't worry and calm down. Who am I.



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