Is a hd a steroid

Is a hd a steroid DEFAULT

Effects of an androgenic-anabolic steroid on strength development and plasma testosterone levels in normal males

Med Sci Sports. Fall 1974;6(3):203-8.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anthropometry
  • Body Weight / drug effects
  • Dietary Proteins
  • Dihydrotestosterone / analogs & derivatives*
  • Dihydrotestosterone / pharmacology
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Energy Metabolism / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Oxygen Consumption / drug effects
  • Physical Education and Training
  • Pituitary Gland / metabolism
  • Protein Binding
  • Sports Medicine*
  • Testosterone / blood*
  • Testosterone / metabolism


  • Dietary Proteins
  • Dihydrotestosterone
  • Testosterone

FDA’s review of adverse event reports supports a relationship between the use of various body-building products suspected to contain steroids and serious liver injury requiring hospitalization. A majority of the cases involved elevated liver enzymes (i.e., alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alkaline phosphatase (AlkP)), which are indicators of liver injury. In some cases, consumers were taking multiple body-building products, which precludes the ability to limit the findings to a specific product or ingredient and raises the concern that the harmful effects may be caused by an interaction between the two products.

Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a known possible harmful effect of using anabolic steroid-containing products. In addition, anabolic steroids (or AAS) may cause other serious adverse effects such as abnormal fat and cholesterol in the blood, mood disorders, androgenic effects (acnes, baldness, excessive hair growth in females), gonadal suppression (decreased sperm count, testicular atrophy), and enlarged breasts.

The postmarketing safety review of adverse event reports submitted to FDA from July 1, 2009, to December 31, 2016, found 35 cases involving men (ages 20-48) presenting with serious liver injury (reported as hospitalization/life-threatening) associated with body-building products that are labeled or suspected to contain steroids or steroid alternatives. 

• 16 of the cases had sufficient data to lead us to conclude that the liver injury was related to the consumption of the product(s);
• 13 cases provided laboratory results indicating a relationship between the time of consumption of the body-building product(s) and the liver injury; and
• 6 cases provided information to support a possible relationship between the consumption of the body-building product(s) and the liver injury.

Note: Postmarketing data have limitations, and a systematic approach for assessing serious liver injury is limited by the clinical data that are available. It is often difficult to characterize the association between one specific muscle-building product and serious liver injury given that, in some cases, consumers were taking multiple muscle-building products. 

Year, Adverse Event Reported to FDASuspected muscle-building Product(s)
associated with liver injury
Company or Distributor (if known)
20095-Deca Zol, 19 Tren-BolNot specified
2010Epi-HardcoreNot specified
2010Super D2 HardcoreSynthetic Science Labs
2011Mass XtremeAmericell-labs
(VMG Global Inc.)
2011Novedex XT, Androbolin 350Gaspari Nutrition,
British Dragon Nutraceutical
2011Incredible Bulk, Tren 2 XtremeSynthetic Science Labs
2012Beastdrol, Serious MassNot specified
2012RaptorNutraclipse, Inc.
2012, 2015Trimethyl ExtremeExtreme Performance Group
2012Super DMZ RxIronMag Labs
2013Muttant PlexxAmf, Inc.
2013Tamox - synthetic testosterone booster, protein powder - "Black Powder"Not specified
2013Amino Max, A-HD (androgenic estrogenic modulator testosterone booster), Thunderbal, Anabol Cuts (thermal-anabolic accelerator)Not specified
2013M-Drol, cycle assist, body milkCompetitive Edge Labs, LLC
2013Alpha M60, Epi-10LGI Supplements
20135-Deca ZolComplete Nutrition,
Legal Limit Labs
2014Mass DestructionBlunt Force Nutrition
2014MayhemBody Sport Science
2014Mass CarnageGoldstar Nutrition
2014Super DMZ 2.0Blackstone Labs
2014Wolverine Xtreme, Beast StackFlex Fitness Products
2014Halo suspension, Methyl Masterzine, PCT RevolutionHelica Pharm
2014MethastadrolHard Rock Corporate Headquarters,
Rock Hard Laboratories, LLC
2014Super DMZIronMag Labs
2014E-ShredNot specified
2014Testplex 450, Cellucor P6 extreme, Methyl-Tren 550Cellucor,
Genetech Pharma Labs
2014Epi-10LGI Supplements
2014Cannibal Pro Cutting StackDNA Anabolics
2014EpistaneNot specified
2014Xtreme DMZ (Dymethazine)Blackstone Labs
2015Super Tren-VWarrior Labz
2015M-Sten Extreme Mass BuilderIronMagLabs
2016Penta BuiltNot specified
  • Content current as of:

  1. 1978 chevy k10 lift kit
  2. 2011 audi s5 prestige specs
  3. Big lots columbus indiana
  4. Spring core maven dependency

Effect of testosterone boosters on body functions: Case report

1. Rahnema CD, Crosnoe LE, Kim ED. Designer steroids-over-the-counter supplements and their androgenic component:Review of an increasing problem. Andrology. 2015;3:150–5. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

2. Harman SM, Metter EJ, Tobin JD, Pearson J, Blackman MR, et al. Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. Longitudinal effects of aging on serum total and free testosterone levels in healthy men. Baltimore longitudinal study of aging. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001;86:724–31. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

3. Cunningham GR, Stephens-Shields AJ, Rosen RC, Wang C, Bhasin S, Matsumoto AM, et al. Testosterone treatment and sexual function in older men with low testosterone levels. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2016;101:3096–104.[PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

4. West DW, Phillips SM. Anabolic processes in human skeletal muscle:Restoring the identities of growth hormone and testosterone. Phys Sportsmed. 2010;38:97–104. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

5. Rønnestad BR, Nygaard H, Raastad T. Physiological elevation of endogenous hormones results in superior strength training adaptation. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2011;111:2249–59. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

6. Pasiakos SM, Berryman CE, Karl JP, Lieberman HR, Orr JS, Margolis LM, et al. Physiological and psychological effects of testosterone during severe energy deficit and recovery:A study protocol for a randomized, placebo-controlled trial for optimizing performance for soldiers (OPS) Contemp Clin Trials. 2017;58:47–57. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

7. Ronnestad BR, Nygaard H, Raastad T. Physiological elevation of endogenous hormones results in superior strength training adaptation. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2011;111:2249–59. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

8. Willoughby DS, Spillane M, Schwarz N. Heavy resistance training and supplementation with the alleged testosterone booster nmda has no effect on body composition, muscle performance, and serum hormones associated with the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal axis in resistance-trained males. J Sports Sci Med. 2014;13:192–9.[PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

9. Fanton L, Belhani D, Vaillant F, Tabib A, Gomez L, Descotes J, et al. Heart lesions associated with anabolic steroid abuse:Comparison of post-mortem findings in athletes and norethandrolone-induced lesions in rabbits. Exp Toxicol Pathol. 2009;61:317–23. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

10. Calfee R, Fadale P. Popular ergogenic drugs and supplements in young athletes. Pediatrics. 2006;117:e577–89. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

11. Ciocca M. Medication and supplement use by athletes. Clin Sports Med. 2005;24:719–38. x-xi. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

12. Chalasani N, Fontana RJ, Bonkovsky HL, Watkins PB, Davern T, Serrano J, et al. Causes, clinical features, and outcomes from a prospective study of drug-induced liver injury in the united states. Gastroenterology. 2008;135:1924–34. 1934.e1-4. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

13. Yassin AA, Saad F. Dramatic improvement of penile venous leakage upon testosterone administration. A case report and review of literature. Andrologia. 2006;38:34–7. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

NSAID-Non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs (Part-01)= Introduction and Classification (HINDI)

A-HD Elite Review

Rating: 1 StarPrice: $30.99
  • Contains Zinc
  • Libido Boost
  • Attractive Price
  • Proprietary Blend
  • Missing Key Ingredients
  • Unproven Ingredients
  • Poor Serving Schedule

A-HD Elite is manufactured by Florida based BPI Sports.

They are an established player in the supplements market which gives them a level of respectability.

Couple this with an intriguing, off-beat, set of ingredients and a lack of negative feedback and you have my curiosity aroused.

The website is professional looking with a range of products and some useful information.

Unfortunately there is very little about the company itself. Although we did learn that BPI stands for Be Powerful Incorporated and the company started back in 2009.

The claims regarding A-HD Elite are relatively standard:

It should be noted that this product appears to be missing the usual key testosterone boosting ingredients.

However let’s look further to discover if what they’re offering can really boost your T levels.

What are the ingredients and how do they work?

Ingredient Overview

The first thing you’ll note is that the ingredient list is unusual.

This could be a good thing, even though it is missing some of the most basic T-Boosting ingredients; including Magnesium, D-Aspartic Acid (DAA) and Vitamin D3.

However, once you look into more detail you’ll realize that this is not an elite set of ingredients, unless your sole aim is to boost libido. Then it could be extremely effective!

It’s difficult to see how this will boost your T levels or even turn you into an elite athlete! Especially when most of these nutrients have been lumped together in a proprietary blend.

This means we can’t assess how effective they will be overall because exact quantities are not given.

Let’s take a look at the nutrients in greater detail:

Zinc (as zinc aspartate)  (15mg)

This essential mineral is an excellent starting point.

Zinc is used by your brain to help produce the Luteinizing Hormone (LH). This is a precursor to both testosterone and growth hormone.

Both of which are essential to your ongoing health and muscle building efforts.

The more LH you have in your system the more support you give to raise testosterone levels.

This is a great start, even the amount is good.

It’s worth noting that your body cannot retain zinc, you need to keep it topped up every day. The fact that it is essential to many different processes in your body is simply a bonus!

A-HD Elite (Proprietary Blend) (500mg)

Unfortunately this is where it becomes less elite and more mundane. All the other ingredients in this T-Booster are shrouded in a cloak of proprietary blend.

You know what you’re getting, you just don’t know how much. If it’s under dosed it may not give you any benefits while if it is over dosed it can cause you health issues.

Caesalpinia Benthamiana (root) (???mg)

Studies have shown that this African herb can help to boost libido.

One study showed that a dose of 50mg per kg greatly improved the amount of nitric oxide in the body. This allows a greater flow of blood, and therefore oxygen, round the body.

The result is better muscle response and improved erections.

Unfortunately this will not improve your T levels.

The research has also only been carried out on rats, there is no guarantee it will have the same effect on humans.

50mg per kg means that, according to this research, the average adult male would need to take 400mg; it’s highly unlikely that there is this much in this 500mg proprietary blend.

Chenopodium Album (seed) (???mg)

This is an Indian plant, often referred to as a weed. It is common in Indian traditional medicine so A-HD have this part right.

However, research has not yet shown any link between this plant and an increase in testosterone; in animals or humans. There is research that suggests it can improve libido but this has only been completed on rats.

You also have to ask if an elite T-Booster really needs additional libido boosting qualities.

It’s worth noting that there is limited research which suggests this plant may restrict estrogen cell growth. The research is based on its ability to prevent the growth of estrogen dependent breast cancer cells.

Further research is needed but it could be a useful ingredient if it restricts the amount of estrogen in your body. Estrogen encourages fat storage. In turn this increases the production of aromatase.

Unfortunately aromatase is responsible for converting testosterone into estrogen, lowering your testosterone levels.

Reducing the amount of estrogen in your body is an important part of boosting testosterone levels and losing fat. If this plant can do that it’s beneficial.

The problem is that it’s an ‘if’ and the quantity of this ingredient remains unknown; it might have no effect at all!

Trichopus zeylanicus (leaf) (???mg)

The premise behind this Malaysian herb is that of a performance enhancer.

It has been used in traditional medicine to boost energy levels. This could help increase your stamina when working out.

Research on mice shows that, when they were given a minimum of 250mg per kg, their performance abilities improved.

However, research is limited and that would mean that the average male would need a minimum of 1,300mg; you’re not going to find that in a 500mg proprietary blend!

You may also hear that this herb is capable of lowering your stress levels. If this is true then it could have an indirect effect on testosterone levels.

When stress levels are high many of your body’s normal functions are temporarily paused.

This includes testosterone production. Lowering your levels of cortisol (the stress hormone) can help boost testosterone.

But, there is no proof that this herb can do this, it is just an elite theory. For now, it would be better left out.

Montanoa tomentosa (leaf and flower) (???mg)

This is a flowering part from Mexico which is actually related to the common daisy! It has been used in traditional medicine for centuries.

Its main use has been to improve sexual dysfunction. In effect it is yet another libido booster.

Research on rats confirms its ability to dramatically boost libido. However, there have not yet been any human studies.

Until human research is completed this is an unnecessary ingredient and will do nothing for your testosterone.

Curcuma longa (root and rhizome) [Curcumin] (???mg)

The final ingredient is not a libido enhancer! In fact it is part of the ginger family and the active part of turmeric.

It does offer a range of health benefits, including boosting your immune system and reducing inflammation. It can also improve blood flow which might help with your performance.

But, there is no research that suggests this will have any effect on your T levels. It’s another wasted effort by a supposedly elite manufacturer.

How do I take it?

The instructions are to take 1 capsule, once a day. You need to do this on a full stomach.

This is shocking! Even if this was an extremely potent testosterone booster it would not be able to provide you a sustained increase in T levels through 1 dose.

An effective T-Booster needs to give you 3 or 4 doses a day. This will help to maintain your T levels.

A-HD Elite is not an elite booster; in fact it fails miserably at providing the right dosage.

To make it worse it suggests cycling this supplement; 2 months on and 1 month off. This gives the impression it has steroid like effects; which it certainly doesn’t.

Are there any Side Effects?

The ingredients are all natural and generally considered to be safe.

In addition the quantities involved are low enough not to create an issue. It won’t even give you the side effect of a boost in testosterone; which it’s supposed to do.


  • Contains Zinc

    This is one of the most critical ingredients in any T-Booster, so good job!

    However this is the only proven testosterone boosting nutrient in the whole formula, it would be much easier and cheaper to buy a Zinc supplement.

  • Libido Boost

    There’s enough libido improving ingredients in this to suggest that you’ll see an improvement in your sex drive.

    This will probably make you feel manlier and could be mistaken for a boost in your T levels.

    Although with only 500mg of unknown quantities per day it will be hit or miss.

  • Attractive Price

    The price on the BPI Sports site is currently $30.99 for a 30 day supply; this is attractive for a test booster.

    If it works.However considering more than 80% of the nutrients are garbage you can get a 60 day supply of Zinc on Amazon for less than $10.


  • Proprietary Blend

    It’s bad enough when a T-Booster adds a proprietary blend to their mix.

    But when more than 80% of the ingredients included are in this blend it is really bad.

    You therefore don’t know how much of any of these nutrients are going into your body. This is a big con and potential risk for you the user.

  • Missing Key Ingredients

    You should expect to find Magnesium, D-Aspartic Acid (DAA) and Vitamins D3 which are the best for increasing testosterone.Adding some vitamin B6 would also help with lowering estrogen. Here Zinc is the only really effective ingredient.
  • Unproven Ingredients

    Lack of scientific research on included ingredients is highly disappointing.

    To see that all the studies which support these ingredients do not show an increase in testosterone and many have only been completed on rats and mice.

    A quality product should include nutrients tested and proven on humans.

  • Poor Serving Schedule

    As mentioned, 1 serving a day is simply not enough, especially when it is only 500mg per day.

    You need 3 or 4 servings per day to ensure your testosterone levels stay enhanced. The body can only absorb so many nutrients at a time.

What are people saying about A-HD Elite?

There are just 3 short reviews on their website.

Sadly they do little to confirm the effectiveness of the product, merely stating that it’s good. These are too generic to believe they are genuine. has generally positive reviews but there is no detail confirming testosterone levels have improved.

In fact, all users are also exercising regularly so it’s impossible to tell whether the supplement is having any real effect.

Interestingly in the discussion forums A-HD Elite is not rated at all.

Amazon presents a similar situation. 54% of reviews give it a 5 star rating but none of them excel at providing detailed information. In fact there are several which simply say they think it works!

Final Thoughts

If you don’t fancy being a human guinea pig for BPI Sports with its under researched herbs then we suggest you avoid A-HD Elite.

None of the ingredients in their proprietary blend have been proven in human studies to raise T.

Half a gram of this unproven mix once a day is going to do benefit you very little. You may notice some mild libido enhancement at the very best but don’t expect any great results.

Its only saving grace is that it contains Zinc. If you want to supplement with Zinc then take our advice and buy a 60 day supply for less than $10 on Amazon.

Bottom Line

Our Rating: 1 Star

This is not an elite product; in fact this is unlikely to even be a bottom range product.

It is highly unlikely to offer much, if any, improvement in your T levels. Forget about strength and muscle gains with A-HD Elite.

As a mild libido booster it should work, it might even offer some ability to enhance your performance and you could mistake this for a boost in your T levels.

But stop taking it and you’re probably still see the same gains. This is a very poor product for raising testosterone, there are much better supplements available.

Updated! The 5 Most Effective Testosterone Boosters in 2020!

Find out for yourself the top 5 natural T-boosters currently available on the market right now.

These are the best choices if you want to...

  • Build Muscle Quickly
  • Rapid Strength & Size Increases
  • Promote Fat Loss
  • Increase Energy
  • Enhance Sex Drive

Click Here to See the Full List!

Filed Under: Testosterone Boosters


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What Is A-HD Elite By BPI?

If you’ve been involved in the fitness and bodybuilding world for a while now, chances are, you’ve heard of BPI supplements before.

This well-known brand has a whole line-up of products, many of which have done very well, which may naturally lead you to think that their A-HD Elite will be just as good.

But, how does this product stack up? Will it help you make great gains in your muscularity?

A-HD Elite, like any testosterone booster attempts to put you in a more anabolic state, helping you see faster overall rates of muscle growth.

Let’s take a closer look at what this product has to offer and whether it’s one that you should consider investing in.


A-HD Elite By BPI Ingredients – How Does It Work?

To kick things off, A-HD Elite provides you with 15 mg of zinc.

Zinc is very well-known to be connected to testosterone levels as, according to research,[1] those who suffer from zinc deficiency also typically show signs of low testosterone levels.

Keep in mind that males lose some zinc from their body each time they ejaculate, so if you have an active sex life, it’s really quite possible that you are low in this nutrient.

While you can get it from whole food sources such as beef and oysters, often men are not taking in enough to really reap full benefits of what it has to offer in terms of testosterone production.

Beyond the zinc, you also get a proprietary blend of :

  • Montana tomentosa
  • Chenopodium
  • Caesalpinia benthamiana
  • Curcuma longa
  • as well as Trichopus.

Unfortunately you do not know the full dosages of these ingredients in the product, which can make it hard to really determine the effectiveness of this product overall.

These are also not well-known ingredients and not the most common of line-up that you’d see in other testosterone booster products.

How do they stack up?

Caesalpinia benthamiana may help to increase vasodilation, improving the nitric-oxide pathway and this could potentially help to increase your overall performance, increasing the amount of blood and nutrients flowing to the muscle tissues.

Studies[2] do suggest that using chenopodium may help to increase sperm count in men, so it does appear this will help improve sexual performance, however little research suggests it will help increase testosterone levels.

Research[3] also suggests that trichopus may have aphrodisiac properties, so the inclusion of this may help to improve your overall sex drive as well.

All in all, this product seems to do far more for increasing your overall sexual performance and desire than it does for improving your degree of muscle mass tissue.

Even though you combo it with another product from their line which is called Solid it still not great.

That’s the reason it did not make it to our top 3 best testosterone boosters list.


  • Is a natural supplement that shouldn’t cause many side effects
  • May boost sex drive and/or performance
  • May help increase exercise performance through vasodilation
  • Could give you stronger muscle pumps during your workout


  • Does not give you the full dosage of the ingredients it contains
  • Does not come with a 100% money back guarantee
  • Appears to be more of a sex enhancement product than it does a physical performance enhancement one
  • Studies are not definite about the benefits this product provides
  • Missing some key testosterone boosting ingredients
  • You must cycle this product, taking 4 weeks off at a time
  • Contains a proprietary blend and did not make it to the top 3 best testosterone boosters list.

The Verdict

All in all, this product does contain zinc which will help you boost your testosterone levels if you are currently low, however beyond that, it doesn’t offer much promise.

You should certainly get an increase in your sexual performance and drive however by using it, so this may offer some hope to individuals suffering in this area.

You may also find it does give you a slight edge in the gym thanks to the nitric-oxide boosting benefits, however this could easily be accomplished with any other nitric oxide product out there on the market as well.

The price point on this product is relatively good, however given the fact it really doesn’t offer that strong of a benefit line-up in terms of increasing your lean muscle mass, you may want to keep looking at some of the other testosterone boosters out there.

As we said before this product is missing a few key ingredients and it’s hard to prove that the ingredients in this product really boost testosterone.

We would recommend looking at the top 3 best testosterone boosters list to find a product containing more proven ingredients.


Does A-HD Elite By BPI Come With Side Effects?

What sort of side effects can you anticipate with A-HD Elite? This product is quite well-tolerated by many as it contains no stimulatory ingredients or anything else that should have much of an adverse reaction.

This said, as these are all herbal ingredients, do check with your doctor before using them to ensure the safety with regards to any other medications you may be using.

Where To Buy A-HD Elite By BPI

You can purchase BPI A-HD Elite at any major sports supplements stores or online at or It sells for around $30 for a 30 capsule bottle, which will last you for a one month period.

How Do I Take A-HD Elite By BPI?

For optimal results with A-HD Elite by BPI, you should take one capsule daily in the morning after eating breakfast. It’s highly recommended that you take this on a full stomach, not an empty one to avoid gastrointestinal distress.

You should also only use this product for four to eight consecutive weeks, upon which, you should take a four week break.

Would You Recommend A-HD Elite?

It may contain a few decent ingredients but I strongly believe there are other testosterone boosters on the market way more effective than A-HD Elite.

If you want a sexual performance boost this is a good product but if you are looking for a product that increases your testosterone levels this might not be the best available.

Check out our top 3 choices for testosterone boosters.

Does It Come With A 100% Money Back Guarantee?

Unfortunately A-HD does not come with a 100% money back guarantee unlike so many testosterone boosters on the market.

You can only return the product if it is unopened in original packaging within 30 days of purchase and only if you buy directly from the BPI website.

Do You Have To Cycle A-HD Elite On/Off?

After using the product for 4-8 weeks it is recommended to cycle the product off for 4 weeks.


Prasad, Ananda S., et al. “Zinc status and serum testosterone levels of healthy adults.” Nutrition 12.5 (1996): 344-348.[1]

Baldi, A., and R. Gupta. “Effect of Chenopodium album on sexual behavior and sperm count in male rats.” II International Symposium on Medicinal and Nutraceutical Plants 972. 2009.[2]

Subramoniam, A., et al. “Aphrodisiac property of Trichopus zeylanicus extract in male mice.” Journal of ethnopharmacology 57.1 (1997): 21-27.[3]

The TRUTH About Testosterone Boosters!

BPI Sports A-HD (Arimedex) Ingredients: Snake Oil or The Real Deal?

What ARE the REAL ingredients in bpi's A-HD

BPI Sports produces a supplement called A-HD. Once sold under the name Arimedex-HD.

We're going to take a look into the ingredients, side effects and see if this is worth your investment.

Let's first take a look at what BPI says A-HD may be able to do for you.

  • BPI says A-HD is The King of Testosterone Boosters
  • It is also supposed to be an Androgenic and Estrogenic Modulator
  • Finally, they claim it is the #1 PCT (Post Cycle Therapy)

OK, so, the implications are that taking A-HD will increase your testosterone level and if you've been on a cycle (think steroids) this supplement is a great way to get your body back to producing its own testosterone.

Androgenic in a nutshell, is any steroid hormone that deals with male sex characteristics. This means basically bigger muscles and more libido.

Here's what BPI says on its website:

"Introducing A-HD™ the ultimate estrogenic modulator and androgenic formula!* A-HD™ is designed to support increased testosterone production while minimizing estrogen activity.* Zero to little estrogen leads to a harder, leaner, more dry looking physique.* No more holding water, no more bloated looks, just rock-hard shredded muscle!* A-HD is the androgenic/estrogenic modulator of choice, as well as the top PCT (post cycle therapy), among all hardcore bodybuilders in the "know".* Ever wonder how to get that long lasting, hard-as-nails, dense, muscular look?* This is it. A-HD is The Ultra Concentrated Testosterone Booster.* Just one small capsule a day. That's it. Not 2-4 capsules at a time. Don't waste your time with anything else because THERE IS ABSOLUTELY NOTHING LIKE A-HD™.

So... how will this supplement do that exactly? What's in it? Is it safe and will it work? OR is it just really well-packaged snake oil?

Ingredients: What's in A-HD?

What are the ingredients and what specifically is each one there for?

I'm going to scour the internet so you won't have to!

As you read through this, make a note that the * you see scattered about means:

* These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

And you can find these words at the bottom of BPI's website. This is the company's lawyer doing his job...

Research on Safflower

  • Safflower seed compound as anti-estrogenic as Nolvadex
    The seeds of the safflower – scientific name Carthamus tinctorius – contain a lignan that blocks the effect of estradiol in cells as effectively as Nolvadex does, according to pharmacologists at Seoul National University.
  • Nolvadex - Steroid .com
    Nolvadex is commonly referred to in quite a few ways: as a SERM (Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator), as an anti-estrogen (that is actually incorrect, as we will later see), and finally as a triphenylethylene.
  • Safflower - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.[1]) is a highly branched, herbaceous, thistle-like annual. It is commercially cultivated for vegetable oil extracted from the seeds. Plants are 30 to 150 cm (12 to 59 in) tall with globular flower heads having yello

Safflower Seed Extract or Carthamus tinctorius

CHEMICAL NAME: (3s,4s)-4-[(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)methyl]-3-hydroxy-3-[[3-methoxy-4-[(2s,3r,4s,5r,6r)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy-phenyl]methyl]oxolan-2-one

BPI's Webstie Claims: "Scientific evidence shows that this novel lignan-class compound has potent anti-estrogenic activity ."

WHAT IS IT REALLY: So when I Google that big fat nonsensical long strain of gobbly gook up there I found out a website called Ergo-Log.

At the top of the page is this: "Safflower seed compound as anti-estrogenic as Nolvadex." Nolvadex is a drug that is prescribed in the treatment of breast cancer. It was then introduced into the bodybuilding community to help with reducing estrogen and kick starting the body into producing its own testosterone again. Then in a Korean research project, they discovered that the seeds from the safflower plant which has the scientific name of Carthamus tinctorius – has a lignan that can block the effects of estradiol in cells as effectively as Nolvadex does. according to pharmacologists at Seoul National University.


"Whether the human body is capable of deactivating estradiol by taking tracheloside, the researchers are not prepared to say."

Just because it works in the lab, doesn't always mean that it will function the same way in the human body and at what concentration. A-HD is taken orally which means it's got stomach acid and a host of other bodily fluids to compete with for absorption and assimilation into the system.

So, in a nutshell, the gobbly gook translates into Safflower Seed extract. And the jury is still out as to whether or not it will actually lower estrogen and stimulate an increase in testosterone.

Red Flag Alert: The red flag for me was when I hit Wikipedia and was reminded that Safflower seeds is a main ingredient in vegetable oil...

Research on Flaxseed

Flax Seed Oil or Maybe Sesame

CHEMICAL NAME: (2r,3r)-2,3-bis[(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)methyl]butane-1,4-diol;(2r,3r,4s,5s,6r)-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-2,3,4,5-tetrol

BPI's Webstie Claims:"Scientific evidence shows that this compound possesses powerful anti-estrogenic properties via multiple mechanisms.* Specifically, this novel lignan-class compound has been shown to inhibit 3ß-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase and 17ß-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, down-regulate 5 alpha-reductase, modulate tyrosine kinases as well as other protein kinases, and favorably modulate plasma free testosterone levels.* Moreover, use of this compound prior to sustained physical exercise/exertion may help to reduce muscle damage via up-regulation of hepatic glutathione (GSH) levels and down-regulation of malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in skeletal muscle.*"

Two questions arise as I go on a Google spree trying to get to the bottom of this line of gobbly gook. On BPI's site, there is no link to the alleged scientific evidence or even a quote from the study or source of scientific evidence. So question number one is: Where is the scientific evidence exactly?

The other question is what the hell is a "novel lignan-class" anyway? Novel as far as I'm concerned is either a work of fiction or the root word to novelty which is something of little importance.

Wikipedia to the rescue!

"The lignans are a group of chemical compounds found in plants. Lignans are one of the major classes of phytoestrogens, which are estrogen-like chemicals and also act as antioxidants."

So on to the Mayo Clinic and Flax Seed:

"The lignan constituents of flaxseed (not flaxseed oil) possesses in vitro anti-oxidant and possible estrogen receptor agonist/antagonist properties, prompting theories of efficacy for the treatment of breast cancer. However, there is not sufficient human evidence to make a recommendation. "

So looks good on paper, but nothing definitive that it helps with breast cancer. My thought here is that the idea is multiple pathways to replicate Novaldex and Clomid, both of which are used by body builders to reduce estrogen, elevate testosterone and jump start the body after a cycle of steroids.

Research on Pterostilbene

Pterostilbene - The “Other” Resveratrol

CHEMICAL NAME: 4-[(e)-2-(3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)ethenyl]phenol

BPI's Webstie Claims: "Scientific evidence shows this novel stilbenoid-class compound, which is methylated, is markedly more efficiently metabolized than non-methylated stilbenoid-class compounds for activation of the SIRT1 gene, up-regulation of plasma free testosterone production via selective estrogen receptor (ER) modulation, healthy glucose metabolism, and maintaining healthy insulin sensitivity.* As a methylated stilbenoid-class compound, this compound is not sulfated by P450 enzymes, which translates into significantly greater bio-activity.* "

Again, novel rears it's confusing head, exactly where IS the scientific evidence and just what is a stilbenoid-class?

Let's start with the stilbenoid-class thingy...

According to Wikipedia, "Stilbenoids are secondary products of heartwood formation in trees that can act as phytoalexins ." Got it? I know I'm following along perfectly! NOT!!!

Let's try this, Wikipedia also tells us that Resveratrol is a stilbenoid. And we've all heard of that. This Pterostilbene is also a stilbenoid. One article I found online at a life extension website gave me a little more detail.

Tiesha D. Johnson, RN, BSN tells us that, "This natural compound favorably regulates genes involved in the development of cancer, atherosclerosis, diabetes, and the system-wide inflammation that underlies a variety of age-related disorders. "

So where is the more testosterone bigger muscles stuff? Anything on estrogenic modulation? What about anti-aromatase? Anyone? Anyone? Bueller? Bueller?

Couldn't find it. Not to say this stuff is bad for you, because it actually looks pretty good for you would be centenarians out there.

Resveratrol however, has had some research done on boosting testosterone, so why not use that? Why use the other Resveratrol?

Red Flag Alert: According to Tiesha's article, you need a dose of 150 - 500 micrograms for this supplement to be worth it's salt. How much are we getting from A-HD? See, all A-HD tells us is that 1 capsule contains a 250 milligram dose of a "proprietary blend."



CHEMICAL NAME: s)-5-hydroxy-1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-3-decanone

BPI's Webstie Claims: "Scientific evidence shows that this phenolic-acid class compound exhibits bio-active androgenic activity via multiple pathways, such as marked down-regulation of malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, resulting in potent potential up-regulating effects on plasma free testosterone and luteinizing hormone.* (NOTE: Scientific data showed an increase of up to 231.8% in plasma free testosterone (as compared to control), and an increase of up to 147.6% in luteinizing hormone (as compared to control).)* "

Good news! Sort of... I found a study. Not that BPI sent me too, but Google. That study shows that researchers have looked at Gingerol as a way to prevent and fight Prostate cancer. So being that hormones play a role in Prostate cancer, perhaps there is some carry over into the androgenic/anabolic world, but if you ask me, that's stretching it.

Once again I am asking for the scientific evidence, and when you look at Wikipedia and the internet in general there isn't any credible data available to support Gingerol as a testosterone boosting agent. I did find one study that concludes:

"Similar to many other compounds, it shows efficacy in increasing testosterone in animal models but a lack of human studies exist at this moment in time. It seems to be able to increase testosterone in otherwise healthy rats though, and a negative feedback mechanism may exist at higher dosages. The mechanism of action is not known ."

Red Flag Alert: That article sites 600mg/kg body weight as the magic number for T and we are still in the dark on how much Gingerol we're actually getting here due to the propriety blend.

Research on Caffeate


CHEMICAL NAME: phenethyl(e)-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)prop-2-enoate

BPI's Webstie Claims: "Scientific evidence shows that this remarkably active, and specific phenolic acid-class compound blocks inflammatory proteins, such as pro-inflammatory interleukin-1{beta}, and also inhibits prostaglandin synthesis in acute inflammation, and suppresses COX-II mRNA and protein.* This compound is a specific inhibitor of 5 alpha-reductase (which down-regulates conversion to dihydrotestosterone) activity.* Moreover, this compound acts as an estrogen receptor (ER) modulator.*"

Still no scientific evidence located, but since it is a phenolic acid-class compound and so is estrodial I suppose we can conclude that there's a connection and that this goobly gook must be correct then. Never mind there's no reference to the actual scientific evidence and when you probe the internet you find that some people think its carcinogenic while others find it useful for treating colon cancer in rats. Speaking of colons....

What's up BPI?

How To Make Your Own Supplement Company

Watch This!!!!

My Two Cents: Snake Oil

I think it's bullshit that a consumer has to do this much leg work to see if it's the real deal. It's also bullshit that so many people fall for this crap.

Red Flag Alert: Here's the credibility issue, before A-HD became A-HD, BDI marketed it under the name Arimedex-HD. Arimedex is used in the bodybuilding world to combat the side effects of estrogen brought on by aromatase caused by steroid use. This is also the drug that helps with that lean hard look due to the lack of estrogen in the body. In men, it helps eliminate the bloating and water retention that estrogen can cause. At some point, BPI had to change the name to A-HD. One website says it was due to trademark infringement. Basically the company is trying to pass off relatively natural ingredients as a drug.

This whole company is shady from the start and I they give reputable supplement companies a bad name. These guys are modern snake oil salesmen of the first order!

Conclusion: Skip it. Pass on it. A good title for this hub could have been How To Have Expensive Urine. If you're considering this product then it's safe to say you're looking to raise testosterone, lean out and get that hard, dense muscular look. Here's how you do that in 3 easy steps:

  1. Lift really heavy weights a lot.
  2. Eat really clean.
  3. Rest, recuperate, repeat steps one and two.

If you're going to supplement, supplement! A supplement is just that. Meaning, you can't eat enough whole protein so you supplement with protein shakes. Creatine mono-hydrate is a tried and true supplement that works when you use it right and it's backed by real science. Not the goobly gook you see up above.

At the end of the day, don't fall for the hype. There are no magic pills you can buy at any store or pharmacy that will make you look like Arnold overnight. There is no substitute for hard work in the gym and a clean diet, even in today's steroid infused body building community. Those guys and gals still have to work their ass off and suffer for their art and craft. Muscle has to be torn down to rebuild. Roids or not. There is no quick fix and for sure there will be no help from A-HD.


David R Bradley (author) from The Active Side of Infinity on December 19, 2014:

@Ks7X - A couple days won't be long enough - any difference you feel in the first couple days will be mostly placebo - check in in 2 weeks

KS7X on December 19, 2014:

My friend gave me a 4 week cycle of A-HD. I think I will start it today to see what happens.


23 years old


210 lbs

I will be back within a couple days to give some feedback.

David R Bradley (author) from The Active Side of Infinity on June 24, 2014:

@Jim Chantrelle - just curious, have you had any blood work done to measure the actual difference in free T? How long have you been training? And how specifically has your strength improved?

Jim Chantrelle on June 23, 2014:

A-HD works great for me. Noticeable increase in strength after the first two weeks. Also libido is way higher. 46 years old working out 5 times a week with a consistent diet and NO other sups.

David R Bradley (author) from The Active Side of Infinity on April 05, 2014:

@Pharma647 - ?

Pharma674 on April 04, 2014:

Definitely pent subject material, be thankful in support of picky facts . abfdged

David R Bradley (author) from The Active Side of Infinity on April 02, 2014:

Jason, I'm not a doctor and I don't know if you've seen an Orthopedist yet nor do I know anything about the injury. I will suggest you do see an Orthopedist though to gauge the extent of the injury and discuss alternative therapies for rehab other than surgery and steroids.

Jason on April 01, 2014:

I bought a couple of boxes of GRP-HD purely for the peptides release it says. I was hoping it would stimulate muscle and tendon growth for my injured shoulder just so I can stay employed. By sounds of it I have had the wool pulled over my eyes. Is there a recommendation on what to take to save me having surgury. I was trying to avoid a path of steroids but that might be my only solution as I need a quick fix.

David R Bradley (author) from The Active Side of Infinity on March 02, 2014:

@Les Golden, please share with us you specific results - how did it work for you? Increase in size and by how much? Increase in strength and by how much? Also would you be so kind as to post some of the published, accredited double blind placebo studies that prove these natural herbs do in fact work on that majority of people?

les golden on March 01, 2014:

A-HD, if you do your research, is WELL liked by most of those who have used it. Check for yourselves. It doesn't work for everybody, what does ? It is widely used in the bodybuilding world. Science is proving that these natural herbal ingredients are as effective and less dangerous than synthetic drugs developed for the same uses. A- HD works for me too.

just did it on February 26, 2013:

On a 4 week of this 3 today get a little restless Ill let you know more after a week or two.

Mario Diaz on February 15, 2013:

Honestly, I want to gain lean muscle mass while shredding as much as possible. Strength is most important to me and I usually don't take any supplements whatsoever. The manager at my local GNC seemed extremely knowledgeable and recommended that I stack them together so that they create a sort of shredding, yet muscle gaining, combo. The Roxy lean was a free 21 daysample attached to the GRD, which he informed me would help with the recovery aspect. I took the stack today (day 1) and I turned extremely red (which I was informed of) and hot. That was just with the Roxy lean/GRD combo, which are both empty-stomach. I noticed increased focus and I was anxious.I do manual labor for a living and I did not tire at all in my fourteen hour shift today.

Rick S. on February 15, 2013:

My goal in taking A-HD is to lean up and increase muscularity. As I said, I am 46 years old and I am working out harder and more consistently than ever before but no getting the definition that I used to get. I am hoping an increase in my bodies production of testosterone will do this. Recent articles are boasting D-Aspartic Acid as increasing testosterone levels too.

David R Bradley (author) from The Active Side of Infinity on February 15, 2013:

@mario diaz, Roxy Lean has a lot of caffeine and also niacin, which could make you feel flush and anxious. I haven't done much research on GRP-HD. Let me ask you, what is your #1 goal with taking this stuff?

Rick S. on February 14, 2013:

After looking at my pictures today, I discovered how bloated in the belly area that I looked. It was as if I was taking creatine which can cause water retention and thereby a bloated belly but I am not taking any creatine. At least I thought I wasn't until I read the ingredients on my Body Fortress protein powder. It has creatine in it so I am switching to a different brand that doesn't have creatine in it. It's called Elite Fusion made by Dymatize Nutrition. Hope this helps in shrinking my bloated looking belly.

mario diaz on February 14, 2013:

Hey! I just purchased BPI's AHD with the Solid included. I also purchased GRP-HD with Roxylean attached. I am planning to stack all four together. Two are empty stomach and two are full stomach (breakfast). Is this safe? And I will also try to keep pics for some real help.

David R Bradley (author) from The Active Side of Infinity on February 14, 2013:

Rick S. this will be really cool! Appreciate you doing this.

Rick S. on February 13, 2013:

2-13-2013 Ok I took my first dose of AHD and Solid today. I am 46 years old. Height is 6'2" tall and my weight today is 235. My body fat is 20.5%. I lift 4 to 5 times a week hitting both upper and lower body. I also drink Body Fortress protein powder with water twice a day. Unfortunately I won't be measuring my testosterone levels before and after but hopefully the results after six weeks will give us all an idea on the effectiveness of this product. I will take pictures and e-mail them to you tomorrow for posting. March 27 will be 6 weeks.

David R Bradley (author) from The Active Side of Infinity on February 07, 2013:

That'll be great Rick S - would love to see some measured results become part of the discussion - also, if you want to email them to me, I'll be happy add the picture and the results to this article - [email protected] is my email address.

Rick S. on February 06, 2013:

Hey I just ordered two bottles today and they come with two sample bottles of this stuff called "Solid". I will post my training and body composition when I start. We will put an end to this debate once and for all.

David R Bradley (author) from The Active Side of Infinity on February 04, 2013:

bill, would you do us all a favor and out line your current training and current body comp and then follow that up in 6 weeks with the results? Also, what other supplements are you taking?

bill on February 04, 2013:

Ive been taking it for 4 days and i can tell a huge difference already. In the gym and the bedroom lol. no joke

David R Bradley (author) from The Active Side of Infinity on January 21, 2013:

You're welcome Bill, glad you found this and glad it helped!

Bill on January 20, 2013:

Thanks for the warning - you just saved me over $100 on what would have been "magic beans" that would have done nothing.

David R Bradley (author) from The Active Side of Infinity on November 02, 2012:

Josh, some supplements, while being legal, have ingredients that might cause an athlete to test positive for steroids and the like. Other companies may simply put that warning there to make a prospective buyer think the product is more "potent" then it actually is. Thanks for chiming in!

josh on November 02, 2012:

Why do some sites warn of this possibly containing ingredients banned by some organizations?

David R Bradley (author) from The Active Side of Infinity on October 29, 2012:

Jake, I say put your money where your mouth is - eliminate ALL other supplements from your nutrition program and take only this for 8 weeks. Do full measurements (body fat%, scale weight, BMI, etc PLUS blood work) and if you T levels are significantly higher and estrogen is lower and there is a body composition that is significantly different and it has a similar effect as the real Arimedex does on your hormone levels, I'll stand corrected, until then, it's still snake oil to me and hype marketing... consumers (your clients) deserve to have reputable companies selling reputable products. Appreciate you chiming in and your two cents. You up for the challenge?

Jake on October 29, 2012:

Jon, the new ingredient is psoralea, check it out, there's some interesting evidence to suggest it helps with focus in ADHD patients. (ie likely a dopamine agonist)

they had to reformulate b/c the old 1.m.r. had an unlisted ingredient - theophylline. research that and i think you'll be interested as well, it's an extremely strong stimulant. as for why it was unlisted - i can't say. too strong maybe? trying to avoid the FDA's scrutiny? related to the Dimethylaminoethanol ban? (think Jack3d, oxyelitepro, ACG3)

the new 1.m.r. actually has MORE ingredients, which are the same minus the substitution of psoralea for theophylline... recount them =P they're in a different order so i know its confusing.

how do i know? i manage a health foods store and we carry their products. not saying they're great, i think some are hit or miss. but try a product before bashing it.

OP - if you didn't even understand the chemical nomenclature of the ingredients, how are you in anyway qualified to comment on their efficacy... also its Caffeic Acid, not Caffeate (or caffeine for that matter) TOTALLY 100% DIFFERENT! that's like saying all methylxanthines are the same. I hate when people say chocolate has caffeine. Theobromine does not equal caffeine does not equal Caffeic Acid (ingredient in beehive propolis)

sorry I just can't stand ignorance, I found this post while investigating the oral bio-availability of the Carthamus. Hope some people will read this and decide to follow up the leads i gave you. cheers.

David R Bradley (author) from The Active Side of Infinity on September 08, 2012:

Jon - I'm not surprised in the least! Feel free to spread the word and share this article so others don't get duped!

jon jameson on September 06, 2012:

bpi is super shady they just came out with a new 1 m.r. and they say it has an all new more powerful ingredient in it. but if you compare the new label with the old label it actually has the same even less ingredients than the old 1mr. they don't even say what the new powerful ingredient is. super shady

David R Bradley (author) from The Active Side of Infinity on July 30, 2012:

tlTS, let us know your results - post before and after pics so we can all see the effect it has on your physique! Thanks for reading and the commnet, caps included!

tITS on July 30, 2012:



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